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pg(1)                            User Commands                           pg(1)

       pg - files perusal filter for CRTs

       pg  [-number]  [-p string]  [-cefnrs]  [  + linenumber] [ +/ pattern /]

       The pg command is a filter that allows the examination of filenames one
       screenful  at a time on a CRT. If the user types a RETURN, another page
       is displayed; other possibilities are listed below.

       This command is different from previous paginators in  that  it  allows
       you to back up and review something that has already passed. The method
       for doing this is explained below.

       To determine terminal attributes, pg scans the  terminfo(4)  data  base
       for  the  terminal  type specified by the environment variable TERM. If
       TERM is not defined, the terminal type dumb is assumed.

       -number         An integer specifying the size (in lines) of the window
                       that  pg is to use instead of the default. (On a termi-
                       nal containing 24 lines, the  default  window  size  is

       -p string       pg uses string as the prompt. If the prompt string con-
                       tains a %d, the first occurrence of %d  in  the  prompt
                       will  be  replaced  by the current page number when the
                       prompt is issued. The default prompt string is ``:''.

       -c              Home the cursor and clear the screen before  displaying
                       each  page.  This  option is ignored if clear_screen is
                       not defined for this terminal type in  the  terminfo(4)
                       data base.

       -e              pg does not pause at the end of each file.

       -f              Normally, pg splits lines longer than the screen width,
                       but some sequences of characters in the text being dis-
                       played (for instance, escape sequences for underlining)
                       generate undesirable results. The -f option inhibits pg
                       from splitting lines.

       -n              Normally,  commands  must  be terminated by a <newline>
                       character. This option causes an automatic end of  com-
                       mand as soon as a command letter is entered.

       -r              Restricted  mode.  The  shell  escape is disallowed. pg
                       prints an error message but does not exit.

       -s              pg prints all messages and prompts in the standard out-
                       put mode (usually inverse video).

       +linenumber     Start up at linenumber.

       +/pattern/      Start  up  at  the  first  line  containing the regular
                       expression pattern.

       The following operands are supported:

       filename        A path name of a text file to be displayed. If no file-
                       name  is  given,  or  if it is -, the standard input is

       The responses that may be typed when pg  pauses  can  be  divided  into
       three categories: those causing further perusal, those that search, and
       those that modify the perusal environment.

       Commands that cause further perusal normally take a preceding  address,
       an  optionally  signed  number  indicating the point from which further
       text should be displayed. This address is interpreted in  either  pages
       or  lines  depending on the command. A signed address specifies a point
       relative to the current page or line, and an unsigned address specifies
       an  address  relative  to the beginning of the file. Each command has a
       default address that is used if none is provided.

       The perusal commands and their defaults are as follows:

       (+1)<&lt;newline> or <blank>This causes one  page  to  be  displayed.   The
                               address is specified in pages.

       (+1) l                  With a relative address this causes pg to simu-
                               late scrolling the screen, forward or backward,
                               the  number  of lines specified.  With an abso-
                               lute address this command  prints  a  screenful
                               beginning at the specified line.

       (+1) d or ^D            Simulates  scrolling  half  a screen forward or

       if                      Skip i screens of text.

       iz                      Same as <newline> except that  i,  if  present,
                               becomes  the  new  default  number of lines per

       The following perusal commands take no address.

       . or ^L         Typing a single period causes the current page of  text
                       to be redisplayed.

       $               Displays  the last windowful in the file. Use with cau-
                       tion when the input is a pipe.

       The following commands are available for searching for text patterns in
       the  text. The regular expressions are described on the regex(5) manual
       page. They must always be terminated by a <newline>,  even  if  the  -n
       option is specified.

       i/pattern/      Search  forward for the ith (default i=1) occurrence of
                       pattern. Searching begins immediately after the current
                       page  and  continues  to  the  end of the current file,
                       without wrap-around.


       i?pattern?      Search backwards for the ith (default  i=1)  occurrence
                       of  pattern.  Searching  begins  immediately before the
                       current page and continues to the beginning of the cur-
                       rent  file, without wrap-around. The ^ notation is use-
                       ful for Adds 100 terminals which will not properly han-
                       dle the ?.

       After  searching, pg will normally display the line found at the top of
       the screen. This can be modified by appending m or b to the search com-
       mand to leave the line found in the middle or at the bottom of the win-
       dow from now on. The suffix t can be used to restore the original situ-

       The user of pg can modify the environment of perusal with the following

       in              Begin perusing the ith next file in the  command  line.
                       The i is an unsigned number, default value is 1.

       ip              Begin  perusing  the  ith  previous file in the command
                       line. i is an unsigned number, default is 1.

       iw              Display another window of text. If i  is  present,  set
                       the window size to i.

       s filename      Save the input in the named file. Only the current file
                       being perused is saved. The white space between  the  s
                       and  filename  is optional. This command must always be
                       terminated by a <newline>, even if  the  -n  option  is

       h               Help  by displaying an abbreviated summary of available

       q or Q          Quit pg.

       !command        Command is passed to the shell,  whose  name  is  taken
                       from  the  SHELL  environment  variable. If this is not
                       available, the default shell is used. This command must
                       always  be  terminated  by  a <newline>, even if the -n
                       option is specified.

       At any time when output is being sent to the terminal, the user can hit
       the  quit  key  (normally  CTRL-\)  or  the interrupt (break) key. This
       causes pg to stop sending output, and display the prompt. The user  may
       then  enter  one  of  the above commands in the normal manner. Unfortu-
       nately, some output is lost when this is done, because  any  characters
       waiting in the terminal's output queue are flushed when the quit signal

       If the standard output is not  a  terminal,  then  pg  acts  just  like
       cat(1),  except  that a header is printed before each file (if there is
       more than one).

   Large File Behavior
       See largefile(5) for the description of the behavior of pg when encoun-
       tering files greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte ( 2**31 bytes).

       Example 1: An example of the pg command.

       The following command line uses pg to read the system news:

              example% news | pg -p "(Page %d):"

       See  environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables
       that affect the execution of pg: LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.

       The following environment variables affect the execution of pg:

       COLUMNS         Determine the horizontal screen size. If unset or NULL,
                       use  the  value of TERM,    the window size, baud rate,
                       or some combination of these, to indicate the  terminal
                       type for the screen size calculation.

       LINES           Determine  the  number  of lines to be displayed on the
                       screen. If unset or NULL, use the value of TERM,    the
                       window  size,  baud rate, or some combination of these,
                       to indicate the terminal type for the screen size  cal-

       SHELL           Determine  the name of the command interpreter executed
                       for a !command.

       TERM            Determine terminal attributes.  Optionally  attempt  to
                       search  a system-dependent database, keyed on the value
                       of the TERM environment variable. If no information  is
                       available,  a  terminal incapable of cursor-addressable
                       movement is assumed.

       The following exit values are returned:

       0        Successful completion.

       >&gt;0       An error occurred.

       /tmp/pg*                        temporary file when  input  is  from  a

       /usr/share/lib/terminfo/?/*     terminal information database

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       tab()  box;  cw(2.750000i)| cw(2.750000i) lw(2.750000i)| lw(2.750000i).

       cat(1),  grep(1),  more(1),  terminfo(4),  attributes(5),   environ(5),
       largefile(5), regex(5)

       While  waiting  for  terminal  input, pg responds to BREAK, CTRL-C, and
       CTRL-\ by terminating execution. Between prompts, however,  these  sig-
       nals  interrupt  pg's  current  task and place the user in prompt mode.
       These should be used with caution when input is being read from a pipe,
       since  an  interrupt  is  likely to terminate the other commands in the

       The terminal /, ^, or ? may be omitted from the searching commands.

       If terminal tabs are not set every eight positions, undesirable results
       may occur.

       When  using pg as a filter with another command that changes the termi-
       nal I/O options, terminal settings may not be restored correctly.

SunOS 5.10                        25 Feb 1996                            pg(1)