NROFF(1) General Commands Manual NROFF(1)
nroff - format documents for display or line-printer
nroff [ -ehig ] [ -mname ] [ -nN ] [ -opagelist ] [ -raN ]
[ -sN ] [ -Tname ]
This command is available with the Text software installation option.
Refer to for information on how to install optional software.
nroff formats text in the named files for typewriter-like devices. See
also troff(1). The full capabilities of nroff and troff are described
If no file argument is present, nroff reads the standard input. An
argument consisting of a `-' is taken to be a file name corresponding
to the standard input.
Options may appear in any order so long as they appear before the
-e Produce equally-spaced words in adjusted lines, using full ter-
-h Use output TAB characters during horizontal spacing to speed
output and reduce output character count. TAB settings are
assumed to be every 8 nominal character widths.
-i Read the standard input after the input files are exhausted.
-q Invoke the simultaneous input-output mode of the rd request.
-mname Prepend the macro file /usr/share/lib/tmac/tmac.name to the
-nN Number first generated page N.
Print only pages whose page numbers appear in the comma-sepa-
rated list of numbers and ranges. A range N-M means pages N
through M; an initial -N means from the beginning to page N; and
a final N- means from N to the end.
-raN Set register a (one-character) to N.
-sN Stop every N pages. nroff will halt prior to every N pages
(default N=1) to allow paper loading or changing, and will
resume upon receipt of a NEWLINE.
-Tname Prepare output for a device of the specified name. Known names
37 Teletype Corporation Model 37 terminal --
this is the default.
crt | lpr | tn300
GE TermiNet 300, or any line printer or ter-
minal without half-line capability.
300-12 DASI-300 -- 12-pitch.
300S | 302 | dtc
300S-12 | 302-12 | dtc12
382 DASI-382 (fancy DTC 382).
382-12 DASI-82 (fancy DTC 382 -- 12-pitch).
450 | ipsi DASI-450 (Diablo Hyterm).
450-12 | ipsi12 DASI-450 (Diablo Hyterm) -- 12-pitch.
450-12-8 DASI-450 (Diablo Hyterm) -- 12-pitch and 8
450X DASI-450X (Diablo Hyterm).
832 AJ 832.
833 AJ 833.
832-12 AJ 832 -- 12-pitch.
833-12 AJ 833 -- 12-pitch.
epson Epson FX80.
itoh C:ITOH Prowriter.
itoh-12 C:ITOH Prowriter -- 12-pitch.
nec NEC 55?0 or NEC 77?0 Spinwriter.
nec12 NEC 55?0 or NEC 77?0 Spinwriter -- 12-pitch.
nec-t NEC 55?0/77?0 Spinwriter -- Tech-Math/Times-
qume Qume Sprint -- 5 or9.
qume12 Qume Sprint -- 5 or 9,12-pitch.
xerox Xerox 17?0 or Diablo 16?0.
xerox12 Xerox 17?0 or Diablo 16?0 -- 12-pitch.
x-ecs Xerox/Diablo 1730/630 -- Extended Character
x-ecs12 Xerox/Diablo 1730/630 -- Extended Character
man Dumb terminal, used for online man pages.
The following command:
example% nroff -s4 -me users.guide
formats users.guide using the -me macro package, and stopping every 4
/tmp/ta* temporary file
/usr/share/lib/tmac/tmac.* standard macro files
/usr/share/lib/term/* terminal driving tables for nroff
/usr/share/lib/term/README index to terminal description files
checknr(1), col(1V), eqn(1), tbl(1), troff(1), term(5), man(7), me(7),
nroff is not 8-bit clean because making nroff 8-bit clean would require
rewriting the nroff internals and filters. Also, some nroff syntax is
based on ASCII only and does not lend itself to 8-bit character
22 December 1987 NROFF(1)