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 nohup(1)							    nohup(1)




 NAME
      nohup - run a command immune to hangups

 SYNOPSIS
      nohup command [arguments]

 DESCRIPTION
      nohup executes command with hangups and quits ignored.  If output is
      not redirected by the user, both standard output and standard error
      are sent to nohup.out.  If nohup.out is not writable in the current
      directory, output is redirected to $HOME/nohup.out; otherwise, nohup
      fails. If a file is created, the file's permission bits will be set to
      S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR.

      If output from nohup is redirected to a terminal, or is not redirected
      at all, the output is sent to nohup.out.

 EXTERNAL INFLUENCES
    Environment Variables
      LC_MESSAGES determines the language in which messages are displayed.

      If LC_MESSAGES is not specified in the environment or is set to the
      empty string, the value of LANG is used as a default for each
      unspecified or empty variable.  If LANG is not specified or is set to
      the empty string, a default of "C" (see lang(5)) is used instead of
      LANG.

      If any internationalization variable contains an invalid setting,
      nohup behaves as if all internationalization variables are set to "C".
      See environ(5).

    International Code Set Support
      Single- and multi-byte character code sets are supported.

 EXAMPLES
      It is frequently desirable to apply nohup to pipelines or lists of
      commands.	 This can be done only by placing pipelines and command
      lists in a single file, called a shell script.  To run the script
      using nohup:

	   nohup sh file

      nohup features apply to the entire contents of file.  If the shell
      script file is to be executed often, the need to type sh can be
      eliminated by setting execute permission on file.	 The script can also
      be run in the background with interrupts ignored (see sh(1)):

	   nohup file &&amp&amp&

      file typically contains normal keyboard command sequences that one
      would want to continue running in case the terminal disconnects, such



 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000






 nohup(1)							    nohup(1)




      as:

	   tbl ofile | eqn | nroff >&gt&gt> nfile

 WARNINGS
      Be careful to place punctuation properly.	 For example, in the command
      form:

	   nohup command1; command2

      nohup applies only to command1.  To correct the problem, use the
      command form:

	   nohup (command1; command2)

      Be careful of where standard error is redirected.	 The following
      command may put error messages on tape, making it unreadable:

	   nohup cpio -o <&lt&lt&lt;list >&gt&gt&gt;/dev/rmt/c0t0d0BEST&&amp&amp&amp;

      whereas

	   nohup cpio -o <&lt&lt&lt;list >&gt&gt&gt;/dev/rmt/c0t0d0BEST 2>&gt&gt&gt;errors&&amp&amp&amp;

      puts the error messages into file errors.

 EXIT STATUS
      The following exit values are returned:

	   126	     The command specified by command was found but could
		     not be invoked

	   127	     An error occurred in the nohup utility or the specified
		     command could not be found

	   Otherwise, the exit status of nohup will be that of the command
	   specified.

 SEE ALSO
      chmod(1), nice(1), sh(1), signal(5).

 STANDARDS CONFORMANCE
      nohup: SVID2, SVID3, XPG2, XPG3, XPG4, POSIX.2











 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 2 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000