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newtask(1)                       User Commands                      newtask(1)

       newtask - create new task and optionally change project

       newtask [-p project] [-v] [-c pid | [-Fl]  [command...]]

       The  newtask  command  executes the user's default shell or a specified
       command, placing the executed command in a new task owned by the speci-
       fied  project.  The  user's  default  shell is the one specified in the
       passwd database, and is determined using getpwnam().

       Alternatively, newtask can be used to cause an already running  process
       to  enter  a newly created task. A project for the new task can also be
       specified in this form of the command. This might be desirable for pro-
       cesses  that  are  mission critical and cannot be restarted in order to
       put them into a new project.

       In the case that extended accounting is active, the newtask command can
       additionally cause the creation of a task accounting record marking the
       completion of the preceding system task.

       The following options are supported:

       -c pid   Cause a running process to  enter  a  newly  created  task.  A
                project  for  the  new task can also be specified using the -p
                option. The invoking user must either own the process or  have
                super-user privileges.

                If  the  project is being changed, the process owner must be a
                member of the specified project, or  the  invoking  user  must
                have  super-user privileges. When the project is changed for a
                running process, its pool binding as well as resource controls
                are  modified  to  match the configuration of the new project.
                Controls not explicitly specified in the project entry is pre-

                This option is incompatible with the -F and -l options.

       -F       Creates a finalized task, within which further newtask or set-
                taskid(2) invocations would fail. Finalized tasks can be  use-
                ful  at some sites for simplifying the attribution of resource

       -l       Changes the environment to what would be expected if the  user
                actually logged in again as a member of the new project.

       -p       Changes the project ID of the new task to that associated with
                the given project name. The invoking user must be a valid mem-
                ber  of  the requested project, or must have super-user privi-
                leges, for the command to succeed. If no project name is spec-
                ified,  the new task is started in the invoking user's current

       -v       Verbose: displays the system task id as the new system task is

       The following operands are supported:

       project         The project to which resource usage by the created task
                       should  be  charged.  The  requested  project  must  be
                       defined  in  the  project  databases  defined  in  nss-

       command         The command to be executed as the new task. If no  com-
                       mand  is  given, the user's login shell is invoked. (If
                       the login shell is not available, /bin/sh is invoked.)

       Example 1: Creating a New Shell

       The following example creates a new shell in the canada  project,  dis-
       playing the task id:

       example$ id -p
       uid=565(gh) gid=10(staff) projid=10(default)
       example$ newtask -v -p canada
       example$ id -p
       uid=565(gh) gid=10(staff) projid=82(canada)

       Example 2: Running the date Command

       The following example runs the date command in the russia project:

       example$ newtask -p russia date
       Tue Aug 31 11:12:10 PDT 1999

       Example 3: Changing the Project of an Existing Process

       The  following example changes the project of the existing process with
       a pid of 9999 to russia:

       example$ newtask -c 9999 -p russia

       The following exit values are returned:

       0        Successful execution.

       1        A fatal error occurred during execution.

       2        Invalid command line options were specified.

       /etc/project    Local database containing valid project definitions for
                       this machine.

       /proc/pid/*     Process information and control files.

       See attributes(5) for a description of the following attributes:

       tab()     allbox;     cw(2.750000i)|    cw(2.750000i)    lw(2.750000i)|
       lw(2.750000i).  ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE AvailabilitySUNWcsu

       proc(1), id(1M),  poolbind(1M),  execvp(2),  setrctl(2),  settaskid(2),
       setproject(3PROJECT),     nsswitch.conf(4),     proc(4),    project(4),

SunOS 5.10                        17 Nov 2004                       newtask(1)