news - Writes system news items to standard output
news [-a|-n|-s] | [item...]
The news command keeps you informed of news concerning the system.
-a Displays all news items, regardless of the currency time. The currency
time does not change.
-n Reports the names of current news items without displaying their con-
tents. The currency time does not change.
-s Reports the number of current news items without displaying their names
or contents. The currency time does not change.
Each news item is contained in a separate file in the /usr/news directory.
Anyone having read/write permission to this directory can create a news
If you run the news command without any options, it displays the current
files in /usr/news, beginning with the most recent. You can also specify
the items you want displayed.
Each file is preceded by an appropriate header. To avoid reporting old
news, news stores a currency time. The news command considers your currency
time to be the modification time of the file named $HOME/.news_time. Each
time you read the news, the modification time of this file changes to that
of the reading. Only news item files posted after this time are considered
Pressing the Interrupt key sequence during the display of a news item stops
the display of that item and starts the next. Pressing the Interrupt key
sequence again ends news.
Most users run news each time they log in by including the following line
in their $HOME/.profile file or in the system's /etc/profile:
1. To display the items that were posted since you last read the news,
2. To display all the news items, enter:
news -a | pg
This displays all the news items a page at a time, regardless of
whether you have read them yet.
3. To list the names of the news items that you have not read yet, enter:
Each name is a file in the /usr/news directory.
4. To display specific news items, enter:
news newusers services
This displays news about newusers and services, which are names listed
by news -n.
5. To display the number of news items that you have not read yet, enter:
6. To post news for everyone to read, enter:
cp schedule /usr/news
This copies the file schedule into the system news directory (
/usr/news) to create the file /usr/news/schedule. To do this, you must
have write permission for /usr/news.
Indicates the last time news was read.