mkmsgs(1) User Commands mkmsgs(1)
mkmsgs - create message files for use by gettxt
mkmsgs [-o] [-i locale] inputstrings msgfile
The mkmsgs utility is used to create a file of text strings that can be
accessed using the text retrieval tools (see gettxt(1), srchtxt(1),
exstr(1), and gettxt(3C)). It will take as input a file of text strings
for a particular geographic locale (see setlocale(3C)) and create a
file of text strings in a format that can be retrieved by both get-
txt(1) and gettxt(3C). By using the -i option, you can install the cre-
ated file under the /usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MESSAGES directory
(locale corresponds to the language in which the text strings are writ-
inputstrings is the name of the file that contains the original text
strings. msgfile is the name of the output file where mkmsgs writes the
strings in a format that is readable by gettxt(1) and gettxt(3C). The
name of msgfile can be up to 14 characters in length, but may not con-
tain either \0 (null) or the ASCII code for / (slash) or : (colon).
The input file contains a set of text strings for the particular geo-
graphic locale. Text strings are separated by a newline character. Non-
graphic characters must be represented as alphabetic escape sequences.
Messages are transformed and copied sequentially from inputstrings to
msgfile. To generate an empty message in msgfile, leave an empty line
at the correct place in inputstrings.
Strings can be changed simply by editing the file inputstrings. New
strings must be added only at the end of the file; then a new msgfile
file must be created and installed in the correct place. If this proce-
dure is not followed, the retrieval function will retrieve the wrong
string and software compatibility will be broken.
The following options are supported:
-o Overwrite msgfile, if it exists.
-i locale Install msgfile in the /usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MES-
SAGES directory. Only someone who is super user or a
member of group bin can create or overwrite files in
this directory. Directories under /usr/lib/locale will
be created if they do not exist.
Example 1: Using the mkmsgs command.
The following example shows an input message source file C.str:
File %s:\t cannot be opened\n
%s: Bad directory\n
Example 2: Using Input Strings From C.str to Create Text Strings in a
The following command uses the input strings from C.str to create text
strings in the appropriate format in the file UX in the current direc-
example% mkmsgs C.str UX
Example 3: Using Input Strings From FR.str to Create Text Strings in a
The following command uses the input strings from FR.str to create text
strings in the appropriate format in the file UX in the directory
example% mkmsgs -i fr FR.str UX
These text strings would be accessed if you had set the environment
and then invoked one of the text retrieval tools listed at the begin-
ning of the DESCRIPTION section.
message files created by mkmsgs
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
tab() box; cw(2.750000i)| cw(2.750000i) lw(2.750000i)| lw(2.750000i).
ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE AvailabilitySUNWloc
exstr(1), gettxt(1), srchtxt(1), gettxt(3C), setlocale(3C),
SunOS 5.10 26 Jul 1994 mkmsgs(1)