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mformat(1)							   mformat(1)



NAME

  mformat - mtools utility to add a DOS	file system to a low-level formatted
  diskette

SYNOPSIS

  mformat [-t tracks] [-h heads] [-s vectors] [-l volumelabel] drive:

OPTIONS

  -t tracks
      Specifies	the number of tracks (not cylinders) on	the diskette.

  -h heads
      Specifies	the number of heads (sides) on the diskette.

  -s sectors
      Specifies	the number of sectors per track.

  -l volumelabel
      Specifies	the volume label.  This	is an optional option.

DESCRIPTION

				     Note

       You must	specify	the floppy disk	storage	device that is to be format-
       ted.  If	you do not specify a device, or	if a device is not found, the
       command may incorrectly format a	SCSI device which could	be a system
       or data disk.

  The mformat command adds a minimal DOS compatible file system	(boot sector,
  FAT, and root	directory) to a	UNIX formatted diskette.  If the diskette is
  unformatted, you must	low-format the disk. You can do	this with a PC sys-
  tem, or on Tru64 UNIX	using either the scu utility or	the fddisk utility,
  depending on your floppy drive.  Tru64 UNIX supports both FDI	and SCSI
  attached 3.5"	floppy drives with DD, HD, or ED media.	 Not all floppy
  drives are compatible	with ED	media.

  The following	track/head/sector values are supported:

  ______________________________________________________________
  Media		   Capacity		Tracks	 Heads	 Sectors
  type	  KB/MB	   Bytes      Sectors	-t	 -h	 -s
  ______________________________________________________________
  DD	  720KB	   737280     1440	80	 2	 9
  HD	  1.44MB   1474560    2880	80	 2	 18
  ED	  2.88MB   2949120    5760	80	 2	 36
  ______________________________________________________________

  To format a diskette for other than the ED 2.88MB default capacity, you
  must specify the number of sectors per track with the	-s option. No error
  is returned if you use mformat to put	an ED file system onto an HD floppy,
  but you will get errors from other utilities if you try to write beyond the
  physical end of the media.




RESTRICTIONS

  The following	restrictions apply:

    +  The mformat command requires a low-level	format utility from UNIX.

    +  The mformat command does	not detect (or record) bad block information.

EXIT STATUS

  The following	exit values are	returned:

  0   Success.

  1   Failure.

EXAMPLES

   1.  In the following	example, a SCSI	floppy diskette	is formatted at	the
       ED 2.88MB capacity, then	a DOS file system is initialized with mfor-
       mat:
	    $ /sbin/scu	-f /dev/rdisk/dsk/6a format density ED
	    $ mformat a:

   2.  In the following	example, an FDI	floppy diskette	is formatted at	the
       HD 1.44MB capacity, then	a DOS file system is initialized with mfor-
       mat, a file is copied to	the diskette, and the mdir command is used to
       check the contents of the diskette.  The	mlabel command is used to add
       a label and mdir	is used	to again check the diskette contents.
       Finally,	a DD file system is placed on the diskette, mcopy is used to
       place a file on it, and mdir is used to verify the diskette contents:


	    $ fddisk -fmt /dev/rfd0a

	    NOTE:  Setting interleave factor to	``-i2:4''.
		   Use ``-i<nnn>[:<ccc>]'' option to override.
	    Disk type: 3.50 inch, HD  (1.44MB)
	    Number of sectors per track: 18
	    Number of surfaces:	  2
	    Number of cylinders: 80
	    Sector size:  512
	    interleave factor:	2:4
	    Formatting disk...	Percentage complete:
	     Format complete, checking...
	     Quick check of disk passes	OK.

	    $ mformat -s 18 a:
	    $ mcopy README a:


	    Copying README


	    $ mdir a:


	    Volume in drive A has no label
	    Directory for A:/

	    README		 769	6-04-97	  8:59a
		   1 File(s)	 1456640 bytes free

	    $ mlabel a:
	    Volume in drive A is unlabeled
	    Enter the new volume label (11 characters):	hddisk


	    $ mdir a:Volume in drive A is hddisk
	    Directory for A:/

	    README		 769	6-04-97	  8:59a
		   1 File(s)	 1456640 bytes free

	    $ mformat -s 9 -l dddisk a:
	    $ mcopy README a:README.1
	    $ mdir a:

	     Volume in drive A is dddisk
	     Directory for A:/

	    README   1		 769	6-04-97	  9:16a
		   1 File(s)	 729088	bytes free

   3.  In the following	example, an unformatted	2.8Mb floppy diskette is for-
       matted using the	scu command, followed by the mformat command.  Once
       it is formatted by both the scu and mformat commands, it	is ready for
       use:
	    $ /sbin/scu	-f /dev/disk/floppy format density ED
	    $ mformat -t 80 -h 2 -s 36 a:



FILES

  /usr/bin/mtools/mformat
      Executable file

SEE ALSO

  Commands: mlabel(1), mtools(1)

  Utilities: fddisk(8),	scu(8)

  Floppy disk interface: fd(7)