mailq(1) User Commands mailq(1)
mailq - print the mail queue
/usr/bin/mailq [-Ac] [-q subarg] [-v]
The mailq utility displays a summary of the mail messages queued for
The first line displayed for each mail message shows the internal iden-
tifier used on this host for the message, the size of the message in
bytes, the date and time the message was accepted into the queue, and
the envelope sender of the message. The second line of the display
shows the error message that caused this message to be retained in the
queue. This line will not be displayed if the message is being pro-
cessed for the first time.
The mailq utility used to be identical to sendmail -bp. Now it checks
for the authorization attribute, solaris.mail.mailq. If the check for
the invoking user succeeds, sendmail -bp is executed with the remaining
argument vector. Otherwise, an error message is printed. This autho-
rization attribute is by default enabled for all users. It can be dis-
abled by modifying the Basic Solaris User entry in prof_attr(4).
The following options are supported:
-Ac Like sendmail(1M), this flag tells mailq to use sub-
mit.cf rather than sendmail.cf even if the operation
mode does not indicate an initial mail submission.
This will result in the client queue /var/spool/client-
mqueue being displayed rather than the default server
-qp[time] Similar to -qtime, except that instead of periodically
forking a child to process the queue, sendmail forks a
single persistent child for each queue that alternates
between processing the queue and sleeping. The sleep
time is given as the argument. The sleep time default
is 1 second. The process will always sleep at least 5
seconds if the queue was empty in the previous queue
-qf Processes saved messages in the queue once and does
not fork(), but runs in the foreground.
-qG name Processes jobs in the queue group called name only.
-q[!]I substr Limits processed jobs to those containing substr as a
substring of the queue id, or not when ! is specified.
-q[!]R substr Limits processed jobs to those containing substr as a
substring of one of the recipients, or not when ! is
-q[!]S substr Limits processed jobs to those containing substr as a
substring of the sender, or not when ! is specified.
-v Prints verbose information. This adds the priority of
the message and a single character indicator (+ or
blank) indicating whether a warning message has been
sent on the first line of the message. Additionally,
extra lines may be intermixed with the recipients that
indicate the "controlling user" information. This shows
who will own any programs that are executed on behalf
of this message and the name of the alias this command
is expanded from, if any.
0 Successful completion.
>>0 An error occurred.
/etc/security/prof_attr local source for execution profile
/var/spool/mqueue default server queue
/var/spool/clientmqueue client queue
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
tab() allbox; cw(2.750000i)| cw(2.750000i) lw(2.750000i)|
lw(2.750000i). ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE AvailabilitySUNWsndmu
sendmail(1M), prof_attr(4), attributes(5)
SunOS 5.10 10 Jul 2002 mailq(1)