mailfrom - summarize mail folders by subject and sender
mailfrom [-hnQqStv] [-s status] [folder|username]...
The mailfrom command reads one or more mail folders and outputs one
line per message in the form:
where from is the name of the person the message is from, and subject
is the subject of the message, if present. If mailfrom determines
that the message is from you, the from portion will read To user,
where user is the user the message was sent to. This happens when you
receive a copy of a letter you sent.
The default folder is your incoming mailbox, /var/mail/yourloginname.
See the Operands subsection below.
mailfrom recognizes the following options:
-h Print a brief help message summarizing the
-n Number the messages using the same numbering
scheme used by readmail.
-Q Very quiet mode. Only error messages are
produced. This option is useful in shell scripts,
where only the success or failure of the program
is important, and output is not desired.
-q Quiet mode. Output only a one-line summary for
each mailbox or folder.
-S Add a summary of the number of messages by message
status in each mailbox or folder. To get the
summary only, use this with the -q option. The
summary has the form:
New messages: n
Unread messages: u
Read messages: r
If an item count, n, r, or u is zero, the line is
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-s status Only display headers from messages with the given
status. status can be one of new, old, read, or
unread. old and unread are equivalent. The -s
option can be repeated to print header information
from more than one category, for example, only new
and unread messages. The values can be
abbreviated to their first letters. The default
is all messages.
-t Tidy mode. If the from field is long enough to
displace the subject field from its normal start
column, move the subject down onto the next line.
-v Verbose mode. Print a descriptive header before
listing the contents of each mailbox or folder.
mailfrom recognizes the following optional operands:
A file name or the name of a mail user on your
system. You can use the =filename format to
specify a folder in your mail directory, defined
by the maildir string variable in your elmrc
mailfrom searches for the value as a file name
relative to your current directory. Then, if the
file name is not an absolute path, it searches for
the value relative to the incoming mailbox
directory, /var/mail. The first file found is
selected. You must have read access to the file.
mailfrom returns the following values:
0 Messages matching status are present.
1 No messages matching status are present, but there are some
2 There are no messages at all.
3 An error occurred.
If multiple mailboxes or folders are specified, the exit status only
applies to the last one examined. This can be used in scripts to
determine what kind of mail a user has.
Display header information from all the messages in your mailbox.
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Display header information from all new messages in your mailbox.
mailfrom -s new
Assuming you have the proper file permissions to read guest's mail,
print out header information from all new and unread messages in
guest's incoming mailbox.
mailfrom -s new -s unread guest
Print only a summary of how many new, unread, and read messages are in
your incoming mailbox.
mailfrom -q -S
$HOME/.elm/elmrc Your elm configuration file.
/var/mail Directory of incoming mailboxes.
mailfrom was developed by HP.
elm(1), mail(1), mailx(1), readmail(1).
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