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 mailfrom(1)							 mailfrom(1)




 NAME
      mailfrom - summarize mail folders by subject and sender

 SYNOPSIS
      mailfrom [-hnQqStv] [-s status] [folder|username]...

 DESCRIPTION
      The mailfrom command reads one or more mail folders and outputs one
      line per message in the form:

	   from [subject]

      where from is the name of the person the message is from, and subject
      is the subject of the message, if present.  If mailfrom determines
      that the message is from you, the from portion will read To user,
      where user is the user the message was sent to.  This happens when you
      receive a copy of a letter you sent.

      The default folder is your incoming mailbox, /var/mail/yourloginname.
      See the Operands subsection below.

    Options
      mailfrom recognizes the following options:

	   -h		  Print a brief help message summarizing the
			  options.

	   -n		  Number the messages using the same numbering
			  scheme used by readmail.

	   -Q		  Very quiet mode.  Only error messages are
			  produced.  This option is useful in shell scripts,
			  where only the success or failure of the program
			  is important, and output is not desired.

	   -q		  Quiet mode.  Output only a one-line summary for
			  each mailbox or folder.

	   -S		  Add a summary of the number of messages by message
			  status in each mailbox or folder.  To get the
			  summary only, use this with the -q option.  The
			  summary has the form:

			  Folder contains:
			    New messages: n
			    Unread messages: u
			    Read messages: r

			  If an item count, n, r, or u is zero, the line is
			  omitted.




 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000






 mailfrom(1)							 mailfrom(1)




	   -s status	  Only display headers from messages with the given
			  status.  status can be one of new, old, read, or
			  unread.  old and unread are equivalent.  The -s
			  option can be repeated to print header information
			  from more than one category, for example, only new
			  and unread messages.	The values can be
			  abbreviated to their first letters.  The default
			  is all messages.

	   -t		  Tidy mode. If the from field is long enough to
			  displace the subject field from its normal start
			  column, move the subject down onto the next line.

	   -v		  Verbose mode.	 Print a descriptive header before
			  listing the contents of each mailbox or folder.

    Operands
      mailfrom recognizes the following optional operands:

	   folder|username
			  A file name or the name of a mail user on your
			  system.  You can use the =filename format to
			  specify a folder in your mail directory, defined
			  by the maildir string variable in your elmrc
			  configuration file.

			  mailfrom searches for the value as a file name
			  relative to your current directory.  Then, if the
			  file name is not an absolute path, it searches for
			  the value relative to the incoming mailbox
			  directory, /var/mail.	 The first file found is
			  selected.  You must have read access to the file.

 EXIT STATUS
      mailfrom returns the following values:

	   0	Messages matching status are present.

	   1	No messages matching status are present, but there are some
		messages.

	   2	There are no messages at all.

	   3	An error occurred.

      If multiple mailboxes or folders are specified, the exit status only
      applies to the last one examined.	 This can be used in scripts to
      determine what kind of mail a user has.

 EXAMPLES
      Display header information from all the messages in your mailbox.



 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 2 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000






 mailfrom(1)							 mailfrom(1)




	   mailfrom

      Display header information from all new messages in your mailbox.

	   mailfrom -s new

      Assuming you have the proper file permissions to read guest's mail,
      print out header information from all new and unread messages in
      guest's incoming mailbox.

	   mailfrom -s new -s unread guest

      Print only a summary of how many new, unread, and read messages are in
      your incoming mailbox.

	   mailfrom -q -S

 FILES
      $HOME/.elm/elmrc	       Your elm configuration file.

      /var/mail		       Directory of incoming mailboxes.

 AUTHOR
      mailfrom was developed by HP.

 SEE ALSO
      elm(1), mail(1), mailx(1), readmail(1).



























 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 3 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000