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 locale(1)							   locale(1)




 NAME
      locale - get locale-specific (NLS) information

 SYNOPSIS
      locale [ -a [ 32 | 64 ] | -A | -m ]

      locale [ -ck ] name ...

 DESCRIPTION
      The locale command displays information about the current locale or
      about available locales.

      When invoked without arguments, locale displays the name and actual or
      implied value of each of the locale-related environment variables in
      the order shown below, one per line:

	   LANG
	   LC_CTYPE
	   LC_COLLATE
	   LC_MONETARY
	   LC_NUMERIC
	   LC_TIME
	   LC_MESSAGES
	   LC_ALL

      An actual value is the value the variable actually has in the user's
      environment.  An implied value is derived from the value of another
      variable.	 Implied values are displayed enclosed in double quotes,
      while actual values are unquoted.

      The determination of implied values is that if the variable LC_ALL is
      present and has a non-null value, that is the actual value for LC_ALL,
      and all of the other variables take its value as an implied value.  If
      LC_ALL is not set, all of the LC_* variables that are set are shown
      with their value as an actual value.  Any that have no value are shown
      with the value of the LANG environment variable as their implied
      value.  LC_ALL is displayed as LC_ALL=\n if it has no value.

      The locale command can take multiple arguments, which may be locale
      category names, locale keywords, or the special word charmap (see
      localedef(1M) for a description of locale keywords and charmaps).	 If
      an argument is a keyword, the value associated with that keyword in
      the current environment is displayed and possibly other information,
      depending on selected options.  If an argument is a category name
      (i.e., LC_*), the values of all keywords defined in that category are
      displayed.  If an argument is the special word charmap, the charmap
      file (if any) that was used in the definition of the current locale is
      displayed.






 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000






 locale(1)							   locale(1)




      Non-printable characters are printed as hexadecimal values in the
      form,

	   \xhh

      except that if a different escape character has been defined for the
      locale, it is displayed instead of the "\".

    Options
      The following options are available:

	   -a	     List all available locales.  These are the possible
		     meaningful values that can be assigned to LANG or any
		     of the LC_* variables on the system.  They are
		     dependent upon which locales have been installed on the
		     system.  By default on a 32-bit system, the locales in
		     /usr/lib/nls/loc/locales are listed.  By default on a
		     64-bit system, the locales in
		     /usr/lib/nls/loc/pa20_64/locales are listed.  This
		     option takes 32 (for ILP32, 32-bit int, long, pointer,
		     32-bit offset) or 64 (for LP64, 64-bit long, pointer,
		     64-bit offset) as its argument.

		     -a	       Display 32-bit locales for 32-bit and 64-bit
			       systems.

		     -a 32     Display 32-bit locales for 32-bit and 64-bit
			       systems.

		     -a 64     Display only 64-bit locales on a 64-bit
			       system.	If executed on a 32-bit system, an
			       error message is returned.

	   -A	     List 32-bit locales on a 32-bit system. List both 32-
		     bit and 64-bit bit locales on a 64-bit system.

	   -m	     Display a list of available charmap files on the
		     system.  See localedef(1M) for a definition of charmap
		     files and their usage.

	   -c	     Display names of locale categories that have been
		     selected either explicitly or by giving a keyword
		     contained therein.	 This option may be used with the -k
		     option.

	   -k	     Display names of keywords that have been selected
		     either explicitly or by providing their containing
		     category as an argument.  Keyword names and values are
		     displayed as:





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 locale(1)							   locale(1)




			  <keyword>=<value>

		     Without the -k option, only the values are displayed.
		     This option can be used with the -c option.

	   name	     Specify the locale category name, locale keyword, or
		     the special word charmap.

 EXTERNAL INFLUENCES
    Environment Variables
      LANG provides a default value for the internationalization variables
      that are unset or null. If LANG is unset or null, the default value of
      "C" (see lang(5)) is used.  If any of the internationalization
      variables contains an invalid setting, locale will behave as if all
      internationalization variables are set to "C".  See environ(5).

      LC_ALL, when set to a non-empty string value, overrides the values of
      all other internationalization variables.

      LC_CTYPE determines the interpretation of text as single and/or
      multi-byte characters, the classification of characters as printable,
      and the characters matched by character class expressions in regular
      expressions.

      LC_MESSAGES determines the locale that should be used to affect the
      format and content of diagnostic messages written to standard error,
      and informative messages written to standard output.

      NLSPATH determines the location of message catalog for the processing
      of LC_MESSAGES.

    International Code Set Support
      Single- and multi-byte character code sets are supported.

 RETURN VALUE
      The locale command exits with one of the following values:

	    0	All requested information was found and displayed
		successfully.

	   >&gt&gt&gt;0	An error occurred in either finding or displaying the
		information.

 EXAMPLES
      If the locale environment variables are set as:

	   LANG=fr_FR.iso88591
	   LC_COLLATE=C

      the command:




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 locale(1)							   locale(1)




	   locale

      gives the following output:

	   LANG=fr_FR.iso88591
	   LC_CTYPE="fr_FR.iso88591"
	   LC_COLLATE=C
	   LC_MONETARY="fr_FR.iso88591"
	   LC_NUMERIC="fr_FR.iso88591"
	   LC_TIME="fr_FR.iso88591"
	   LC_MESSAGES="fr_FR.iso88591"
	   LC_ALL=

      The command:

	   LC_ALL=POSIX locale -ck decimal_point

      produces:

	   LC_NUMERIC decimal_point="."

      If LANG is set to POSIX and no other locale variables are set, the
      command:

	   locale LC_NUMERIC

      produces:

	   "."
	   ""

	   ""

      which correspond to the keywords decimal_point, thousands_sep,
      grouping, and alt_digit.

 SEE ALSO
      localedef(1M), localeconv(3C), nl_langinfo(3C), setlocale(3C),
      charmap(4), localedef(4), environ(5), lang(5).

 STANDARDS CONFORMANCE
      locale: XPG4, POSIX.2












 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 4 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000