gettxt(1) User Commands gettxt(1)
gettxt - retrieve a text string from a message database
gettxt msgfile : msgnum [dflt_msg]
gettxt retrieves a text string from a message file in the directory
/usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MESSAGES . The directory name locale corre-
sponds to the language in which the text strings are written; see set-
msgfile Name of the file in the directory
/usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MESSAGES to retrieve msgnum
from. The name of msgfile can be up to 14 characters in
length, but may not contain either \0 (null) or the
ASCII code for / (slash) or : (colon).
msgnum Sequence number of the string to retrieve from msgfile.
The strings in msgfile are numbered sequentially from 1
to n, where n is the number of strings in the file.
dflt_msg Default string to be displayed if gettxt fails to
retrieve msgnum from msgfile. Nongraphic characters
must be represented as alphabetic escape sequences.
The text string to be retrieved is in the file msgfile, created by the
mkmsgs(1) utility and installed under the directory
/usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MESSAGES . You control which directory is
searched by setting the environment variable LC_MESSAGES. If LC_MES-
SAGES is not set, the environment variable LANG will be used. If LANG
is not set, the files containing the strings are under the directory
If gettxt fails to retrieve a message in the requested language, it
will try to retrieve the same message from /usr/lib/locale/C/LC_MES-
SAGES/ msgfile. If this also fails, and if dflt_msg is present and non-
null, then it will display the value of dflt_msg; if dflt_msg is not
present or is null, then it will display the string Message not
Example 1: The environment variables LANG and LC_MESSAGES.
If the environment variables LANG or LC_MESSAGES have not been set to
other than their default values, the following example:
example% gettxt UX:10 "hello world\n"
will try to retrieve the 10th message from /usr/lib/locale/C/UX/msg-
file. If the retrieval fails, the message "hello world," followed by a
newline, will be displayed.
See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables
that affect the execution of gettxt: LC_CTYPE and LC_MESSAGES.
LC_CTYPE Determines how gettxt handles characters. When
LC_CTYPE is set to a valid value, gettxt can
display and handle text and filenames contain-
ing valid characters for that locale. gettxt
can display and handle Extended Unix Code (EUC)
characters where any individual character can
be 1, 2, or 3 bytes wide. gettxt can also han-
dle EUC characters of 1, 2, or more column
widths. In the "C" locale, only characters from
ISO 8859-1 are valid.
LC_MESSAGES Determines how diagnostic and informative mes-
sages are presented. This includes the language
and style of the messages, and the correct form
of affirmative and negative responses. In the
"C" locale, the messages are presented in the
default form found in the program itself (in
most cases, U.S. English).
default message files created by mkmsgs(1)
message files for different languages created by mkmsgs(1)
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
tab() allbox; cw(2.750000i)| cw(2.750000i) lw(2.750000i)|
lw(2.750000i). ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE AvailabilitySUNWloc
exstr(1), mkmsgs(1), srchtxt(1), gettxt(3C), setlocale(3C),
SunOS 5.10 20 Dec 1996 gettxt(1)