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gencat(1)                        User Commands                       gencat(1)

       gencat - generate a formatted message catalog

       gencat catfile msgfile...

       The  gencat command merges the message text source file(s) msgfile into
       a formatted message database catfile. The database catfile  is  created
       if  it does not already exist.  If catfile does exist, its messages are
       included in the new catfile. If set and message  numbers  collide,  the
       new  message-text defined in msgfile replaces the old message text cur-
       rently contained in catfile. The message text source file  (or  set  of
       files)  input  to  gencat can contain either set and message numbers or
       simply  message  numbers,  in  which  case   the   set   NL_SETD   (see
       nl_types.h(3HEAD)) is assumed.

   Message Text Source File Format
       The  format  of  a message text source file is defined as follows. Note
       that the fields of a message text source line are separated by a single
       ASCII  space  or tab character. Any other ASCII spaces or tabs are con-
       sidered as part of the subsequent field.

       $set n comment          Where n specifies the  set  identifier  of  the
                               following   messages   until   the  next  $set,
                               $delset, or end-of-file appears. n  must  be  a
                               number  in the range (1-{NL_SETMAX}). Set iden-
                               tifiers within a single source file need not be
                               contiguous.  Any string following the set iden-
                               tifier is treated as a  comment.   If  no  $set
                               directive is specified in a message text source
                               file, all messages are located in  the  default
                               message set NL_SETD.

       $delset n comment       Deletes  message set n from an existing message
                               catalog. Any string following the set number is
                               treated  as  a  comment.  (Note: if  n is not a
                               valid set it is ignored.)

       $comment                A line beginning with a dollar symbol   $  fol-
                               lowed  by  an  ASCII  space or tab character is
                               treated as a comment.

       m message-text          The m denotes the message identifier, a  number
                               in the range (1-{NL_MSGMAX}).  The message-text
                               is stored in the message catalog with  the  set
                               identifier  specified  by  the last $set direc-
                               tive, and with message  identifier  m.  If  the
                               message-text  is  empty,  and an ASCII space or
                               tab field separator is present, an empty string
                               is stored in the message catalog.  If a message
                               source line has a message number, but neither a
                               field  separator nor message-text, the existing
                               message with that number (if  any)  is  deleted
                               from  the catalog. Message identifiers need not
                               be contiguous.  The length of message-text must
                               be in the range (0-{NL_TEXTMAX}).

       $quote c                This line specifies an optional quote character
                               c, which can be used to  surround  message-text
                               so  that  trailing  spaces or null (empty) mes-
                               sages are visible in a message source line.  By
                               default,  or  if  an  empty $quote directive is
                               supplied, no quoting of  message-text  will  be

       Empty lines in a message text source file are ignored.

       Text  strings  can  contain the special characters and escape sequences
       defined in the following table:

       tab() box; lw(1.833333i) lw(1.833333i) lw(1.833333i).   DescriptionSym-
       bolSequence   newlineNL(LF)\n   horizontal   tabHT\t  vertical  tabVT\v
       backspaceBS\b carriage returnCR\r form feedFF \f backslash\\\ bit  pat-

       The  escape  sequence  \ddd consists of backslash followed by 1, 2 or 3
       octal digits, which are taken to specify the value of the desired char-
       acter. If the character following a backslash is not one of those spec-
       ified, the backslash is ignored.

       Backslash followed by an ASCII newline character is also used  to  con-
       tinue  a  string  on  the following line. Thus, the following two lines
       describe a single message string:

       1 This line continues \
       to the next line

       which is equivalent to:

           1 This line continues to the next line

       The following operands are supported:

       catfile         A path name of the formatted message catalog. If  -  is
                       specified, standard output is used.

       msgfile         A  path  name  of  a  message text source file. If - is
                       specified for an instance of msgfile, standard input is
                       used.  The  format  of  message  text  source  files is
                       defined in Message Text Source File Format.

       See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment  variables
       that  affect  the  execution of gencat: LANG, LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LC_MES-
       SAGES, and NLSPATH.

       The following exit values are returned:

       0        Successful completion.

       >>0       An error occurred.

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       tab()    allbox;    cw(2.750000i)|     cw(2.750000i)     lw(2.750000i)|
       lw(2.750000i).    ATTRIBUTE   TYPEATTRIBUTE  VALUE  AvailabilitySUNWloc
       CSIenabled Interface StabilityStandard

       mkmsgs(1),  catgets(3C),  catopen(3C),  gettxt(3C),  nl_types.h(3HEAD),
       attributes(5), environ(5), standards(5)

SunOS 5.10                        1 Feb 1995                         gencat(1)