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ftp(1)                           User Commands                          ftp(1)



NAME
       ftp - file transfer program

SYNOPSIS
       ftp [-adfginptvx] [-m GSS Mech] [-T timeout] [hostname [port]]

DESCRIPTION
       The  ftp  command  is  the user interface to the Internet standard File
       Transfer Protocol (FTP). ftp transfers files to and from a remote  net-
       work site.

       The  host  and  optional  port  with which ftp is to communicate may be
       specified on the  command  line.  If  this  is  done,  ftp  immediately
       attempts  to establish a connection to an FTP server on that host. Oth-
       erwise, ftp enters its command interpreter and awaits instructions from
       the  user. When ftp is awaiting commands from the user, it displays the
       prompt ftp>>.

OPTIONS
       The following options may be specified at the command line, or  to  the
       command interpreter:

       -a              Uses  GSSAPI authentication only. If the authentication
                       fails, this option closes the connection.



       -d              Enables debugging.



       -f              Forwards  local  security  credentials  to  the  remote
                       server.



       -g              Disables filename "globbing".



       -i              Turns  off  interactive  prompting during multiple file
                       transfers.



       -m              Specifies the GSS-API mechanism to use. The default  is
                       to  use  the  kerberos_v5 mechanism. Supported alterna-
                       tives are defined in /etc/gss/mech (see mech(4)).



       -n              Does not attempt "auto-login" upon initial  connection.
                       If  auto-login  is  not disabled, ftp checks the .netrc
                       file in the user's home directory for an entry describ-
                       ing  an  account  on  the  remote machine.  If no entry
                       exists, ftp will prompt  for  the  login  name  of  the
                       account on the remote machine (the default is the login
                       name on the local machine), and, if necessary,  prompts
                       for a password and an account with which to login.



       -p              Enables  passive  mode for data transfers. This command
                       is useful when connecting to a remote host from  behind
                       a connection filtering firewall.



       -t              Enables packet tracing (unimplemented).



       -T timeout      Enables  global  connection timer, specified in seconds
                       (decimal). There is a timer for the control  connection
                       that  is  reset when anything is sent to the server and
                       disabled while the client is prompting for user  input.
                       Another  independent  timer is used to monitor incoming
                       or outgoing data connections.



       -v              Shows all responses from the remote server, as well  as
                       report  on data transfer statistics.  This is turned on
                       by default if ftp is  running  interactively  with  its
                       input coming from the user's terminal.



       -x              Attempts  to  use GSSAPI for authentication and encryp-
                       tion. Data and Command channel  protection  is  set  to
                       "private".



       The following commands can be specified to the command interpreter:

       !

           [ command ] Runs  command  as a shell command on the local machine.
           If no command is given, invokes an interactive shell.



       $ macro-name [ args ]

           Executes the macro macro-name that was defined with the macdef com-
           mand. Arguments are passed to the macro unglobbed.



       account [ passwd ]

           Supplies  a  supplemental  password required by a remote system for
           access to resources once a login has been  successfully  completed.
           If  no  argument  is  included,  the  user  will be prompted for an
           account password in a non-echoing input mode.



       append local-file [ remote-file ]

           Appends a local file to a file on the remote  machine.  If  remote-
           file  is  not  specified,  the  local file name is used, subject to
           alteration by any ntrans or nmap settings. File transfer  uses  the
           current  settings  for "representation type", "file structure", and
           "transfer mode".



       ascii

           Sets the "representation type" to  "network  ASCII".  This  is  the
           default type.



       bell

           Sounds a bell after each file transfer command is completed.



       binary

           Sets the "representation type" to "image".



       bye

           Terminates  the FTP session with the remote server and exit ftp. An
           EOF will also terminate the session and exit.



       case

           Toggles remote computer file name case  mapping  during  mget  com-
           mands. When case is on (default is off), remote computer file names
           with all letters in upper case are written in the  local  directory
           with the letters mapped to lower case.



       cd remote-directory

           Changes  the  working  directory  on  the remote machine to remote-
           directory.



       cdup

           Changes the remote machine working directory to the parent  of  the
           current remote machine working directory.



       clear

           Sets  the protection level on data transfers to "clear". If no ADAT
           command succeeded, then this is the default protection level.



       close

           Terminates the FTP session with the remote server,  and  return  to
           the command interpreter. Any defined macros are erased.



       cr

           Toggles   <&lt;RETURN>&gt;  stripping  during  "network  ASCII"  type  file
           retrieval. Records are denoted by a <&lt;RETURN>&gt;/LINEFEED sequence dur-
           ing  "network  ASCII"  type  file  transfer.  When  cr  is  on (the
           default), <&lt;RETURN>&gt; characters are stripped from  this  sequence  to
           conform  with  the  UNIX  system  single LINEFEED record delimiter.
           Records on non-UNIX-system remote hosts may contain single LINEFEED
           characters;  when  an  "network ASCII" type transfer is made, these
           LINEFEED characters may be distinguished from  a  record  delimiter
           only when cr is off.



       delete remote-file

           Deletes the file remote-file on the remote machine.



       debug

           Toggles  debugging mode. When debugging is on, ftp prints each com-
           mand sent to the remote machine, preceded by the string ->&gt;.



       dir [ remote-directory ] [ local-file ]

           Prints a listing  of  the  directory  contents  in  the  directory,
           remote-directory,  and,  optionally,  placing  the output in local-
           file. If no directory is specified, the current  working  directory
           on  the  remote machine is used.  If no local file is specified, or
           local-file is -, output is sent to the terminal.



       disconnect

           A synonym for close.



       form [ format-name ]

           Sets the carriage control format  subtype  of  the  "representation
           type"  to  format-name.  The  only  valid format-name is non-print,
           which corresponds to the default "non-print" subtype.



       get remote-file [ local-file ]

           Retrieves the remote-file and store it on the local machine. If the
           local  file name is not specified, it is given the same name it has
           on the remote machine, subject to alteration by the  current  case,
           ntrans, and nmap settings. The current settings for "representation
           type", "file structure", and "transfer mode" are used while  trans-
           ferring the file.



       glob

           Toggles  filename  expansion,  or "globbing", for mdelete, mget and
           mput. If globbing is turned off, filenames are taken literally.

           Globbing for mput is done as in sh(1). For mdelete and  mget,  each
           remote  file name is expanded separately on the remote machine, and
           the lists are not merged.

           Expansion of a directory name is likely to be  radically  different
           from  expansion  of  the name of an ordinary file: the exact result
           depends on the remote operating system and FTP server, and  can  be
           previewed with the command, mls remote-files -.

           mget  and  mput are not meant to transfer entire directory subtrees
           of files. You can do this by transferring a tar(1) archive  of  the
           subtree  (using  a  "representation  type" of "image" as set by the
           binary command).



       hash

           Toggles hash-sign (#) printing for each data block transferred. The
           size of a data block is 8192 bytes.



       help [ command ]

           Prints  an  informative message about the meaning of command. If no
           argument is given, ftp prints a list of the known commands.



       lcd [ directory ]

           Changes the working directory on the local machine. If no directory
           is specified, the user's home directory is used.



       ls [ -al ] [ remote-directory ] [ local-file ]

           By  default,  prints  an  abbreviated  listing of the contents of a
           directory on the remote  machine.  This  default  behavior  can  be
           changed  to  make ls  a synonym of the dir command. This change can
           be   achieved    by    setting   FTP_LS_SENDS_NLST   to   'no'   in
           /etc/default/ftp or  in the environment. See ftp(4) for details.

           The  -a option lists all entries, including those that begin with a
           dot (.), which are normally not listed. The -l option  lists  files
           in long format, giving mode, number of links, owner, group, size in
           bytes, and time of last modification for each file. If the file  is
           a special file, the size field instead contains the major and minor
           device numbers rather than a size. If the file is a symbolic  link,
           the  filename  is  printed followed by "->&gt;" and the pathname of the
           referenced file.

           If remote-directory is left unspecified, the current working direc-
           tory is used.

           If no local file is specified, or if local-file is -, the output is
           sent to the terminal.



       macdef macro-name

           Defines a macro. Subsequent lines are stored as  the  macro  macro-
           name.  A  null  line  (consecutive  NEWLINE characters in a file or
           <&lt;RETURN>&gt; characters from the terminal) terminates macro input mode.
           There  is  a  limit  of  16 macros and 4096 total characters in all
           defined macros. Macros remain defined until a close command is exe-
           cuted.

           The  macro  processor interprets $ and \ as special characters. A $
           followed by a number (or numbers) is replaced by the  corresponding
           argument on the macro invocation command line. A $ followed by an i
           signals that macro processor that the  executing  macro  is  to  be
           looped.  On the first pass, $i is replaced by the first argument on
           the macro invocation command  line;  on  the  second  pass,  it  is
           replaced  by  the  second  argument, and so on. A \ followed by any
           character is replaced by that character. Use the \ to prevent  spe-
           cial treatment of the $.



       mdelete remote-files

           Deletes the remote-files on the remote machine.



       mdir remote-files local-file

           Like  dir, except multiple remote files may be specified. If inter-
           active prompting is on, ftp will prompt the user to verify that the
           last  argument  is  indeed the target local file for receiving mdir
           output.



       mget remote-files

           Expands the remote-files on the remote machine and  do  a  get  for
           each  file name thus produced. See glob for details on the filename
           expansion. Resulting file names will then be processed according to
           case,  ntrans,  and  nmap  settings. Files are transferred into the
           local working directory, which can be changed with  lcd  directory.
           New local directories can be created with ! mkdir directory.



       mkdir directory-name

           Makes a directory on the remote machine.



       mls remote-files local-file

           Like  ls(1),  except  multiple  remote  files  may be specified. If
           interactive prompting is on, ftp will prompt  the  user  to  verify
           that  the last argument is indeed the target local file for receiv-
           ing mls output.



       mode [ mode-name ]

           Sets the "transfer mode" to mode-name. The only valid mode-name  is
           stream, which corresponds to the default "stream" mode. This imple-
           mentation only supports stream, and requires that it be specified.



       mput local-files

           Expands wild cards in the list of local files  given  as  arguments
           and  do  a  put  for  each file in the resulting list. See glob for
           details of filename expansion. Resulting file names  will  then  be
           processed according to ntrans and nmap settings.



       nlist [ remote-directory | -al ] [ local-file ]

           Prints an abbreviated listing of the contents of a directory on the
           remote machine, listing only those files that can be  retrieved  by
           the  get  command,  unless  the -a or -l option is used. If remote-
           directory is left unspecified, the  current  working  directory  is
           used.

           The  -a option lists all entries, including those that begin with a
           dot (.), which are normally not listed. The -l option  lists  files
           in long format the same way it does when used with the ls command.



       nmap [ inpattern outpattern ]

           Sets  or unsets the filename mapping mechanism. If no arguments are
           specified, the filename mapping mechanism is  unset.  If  arguments
           are specified, remote filenames are mapped during mput commands and
           put commands issued without a specified remote target filename.  If
           arguments  are  specified,  local  filenames are mapped during mget
           commands and get commands issued without a specified  local  target
           filename.

           This  command is useful when connecting to a non-UNIX-system remote
           host with different file naming conventions or practices. The  map-
           ping follows the pattern set by inpattern and outpattern. inpattern
           is a template for incoming filenames (which may have  already  been
           processed according to the ntrans and case settings). Variable tem-
           plating is accomplished by including the sequences $1, $2, ...,  $9
           in  inpattern.  Use  \  to  prevent this special treatment of the $
           character. All other characters are treated literally, and are used
           to determine the nmap inpattern variable values.

           For  example,  given  inpattern  $1.$2  and  the  remote  file name
           mydata.data, $1 would have the value mydata, and $2 would have  the
           value data.

           The  outpattern  determines  the  resulting  mapped  filename.  The
           sequences $1, $2, ..., $9 are replaced by any value resulting  from
           the inpattern template. The sequence $0 is replaced by the original
           filename. Additionally, the sequence  [seq1,seq2]  is  replaced  by
           seq1  if  seq1  is  not  a null string; otherwise it is replaced by
           seq2.

           For example, the  command  nmap  $1.$2.$3  [$1,$2].[$2,file]  would
           yield   the   output   filename  myfile.data  for  input  filenames
           myfile.data and myfile.data.old, myfile.file for the input filename
           myfile,  and  myfile.myfile  for  the input filename .myfile. SPACE
           characters may be included in outpattern, as in the example nmap $1
           |  sed  "s/   *$//"  >&gt;  $1.  Use the \ character to prevent special
           treatment of the $, [, ], and ,, characters.



       ntrans [ inchars [ outchars ] ]

           Sets or unsets the filename character translation mechanism. If  no
           arguments  are specified, the filename character translation mecha-
           nism is unset. If arguments are  specified,  characters  in  remote
           filenames  are  translated  during  mput  commands and put commands
           issued without a specified remote target filename,  and  characters
           in local filenames are translated during mget commands and get com-
           mands issued without a specified local target filename.

           This command is useful when connecting to a non-UNIX-system  remote
           host  with  different file naming conventions or practices. Charac-
           ters in a filename matching a character  in  inchars  are  replaced
           with  the  corresponding  character in outchars. If the character's
           position in inchars is longer than  the  length  of  outchars,  the
           character is deleted from the file name.

           Only  16 characters can be translated when using the ntrans command
           under ftp. Use case (described above) if  needing  to  convert  the
           entire alphabet.



       open host [ port ]

           Establishes  a  connection  to  the  specified  host FTP server. An
           optional port number may be  supplied,  in  which  case,  ftp  will
           attempt  to  contact  an FTP server at that port. If the auto-login
           option is on (default setting), ftp will also attempt to  automati-
           cally log the user in to the FTP server.



       passive

           Toggles  passive  mode.  When  passive  mode  is turned on, the ftp
           client sends the PASV command requesting that the FTP server open a
           port  for  the data connection and return the address of that port.
           The remote server listens on that port and the client  connects  to
           it.  When passive mode is turned off, the ftp client sends the PORT
           command to the server specifying an address for the  remove  server
           to  connect back to. Passive mode is useful when the connections to
           the ftp client are controlled, for example, when behind a firewall.
           When  connecting to an IPv6-enabled FTP server, EPSV may be used in
           place of PASV and EPRT in place of PORT.



       private

           Sets the protection level on  data  transfers  to  "private".  Data
           transmissions  are  confidentiality--  and  integrity--protected by
           encryption. If no ADAT command succeeded, then  the  only  possible
           level is "clear".



       prompt

           Toggles  interactive prompting. Interactive prompting occurs during
           multiple file transfers to allow the user to  selectively  retrieve
           or store files. By default, prompting is turned on. If prompting is
           turned off, any mget or mput  will  transfer  all  files,  and  any
           mdelete will delete all files.



       protect protection-level

           Sets   the protection level on data transfers  to protection-level.
           The valid protection  levels   are  "clear"  for  unprotected  data
           transmissions,  "safe" for  data  transmissions that are integrity-
           protected by cryptographic checksum, and "private" for data  trans-
           missions  that  are  confidentiality-- and integrity-- protected by
           encryption. If no ADAT command succeeded, then  the  only  possible
           level  is  "clear".  If no level is specified, the current level is
           printed. The default protection level is "clear".



       proxy ftp-command

           Executes an FTP command on a  secondary  control  connection.  This
           command  allows  simultaneous  connection to two remote FTP servers
           for transferring files between the two  servers.  The  first  proxy
           command  should be an open, to establish the secondary control con-
           nection. Enter the command proxy ? to see other FTP  commands  exe-
           cutable on the secondary connection.

           The  following  commands behave differently when prefaced by proxy:
           open will not define new  macros  during  the  auto-login  process,
           close  will  not  erase  existing  macro  definitions, get and mget
           transfer files from the host on the primary control  connection  to
           the  host  on the secondary control connection, and put, mputd, and
           append transfer files from the host on the secondary  control  con-
           nection to the host on the primary control connection.

           Third  party file transfers depend upon support of the PASV command
           by the server on the secondary control connection.



       put local-file [ remote-file ]

           Stores a local file on the remote machine. If remote-file  is  left
           unspecified, the local file name is used after processing according
           to any ntrans or nmap settings in  naming  the  remote  file.  File
           transfer uses the current settings for "representation type", "file
           structure", and "transfer mode".



       pwd

           Prints the name of the current  working  directory  on  the  remote
           machine.



       quit

           A synonym for bye.



       quote arg1 arg2 ...

           Sends  the arguments specified, verbatim, to the remote FTP server.
           A single FTP reply code is expected in return. (The remotehelp com-
           mand displays a list of valid arguments.)

           quote  should  be  used  only by experienced users who are familiar
           with the FTP protocol.



       recv remote-file [ local-file ]

            A synonym for get.



       reget remote-file [ local-file ]

           The reget command acts like get, except that if  local-file  exists
           and  is  smaller  than  remote-file, local-file is presumed to be a
           partially transferred copy of remote-file and the transfer is  con-
           tinued  from  the apparent point of failure. This command is useful
           when transferring large files over networks that are prone to drop-
           ping connections.



       remotehelp [ command-name ]

           Requests  help  from  the  remote  FTP server. If a command-name is
           specified it is supplied to the server as well.



       rename from to

           Renames the file from on the remote machine to have the name to.



       reset

           Clears reply  queue.  This  command  re-synchronizes  command/reply
           sequencing  with  the  remote  FTP server. Resynchronization may be
           necessary following a violation of the FTP protocol by  the  remote
           server.



       restart [ marker ]

           Restarts  the  immediately  following  get  or put at the indicated
           marker. On UNIX systems, marker is usually a byte offset  into  the
           file.  When  followed  by an mget, the restart applies to the first
           get performed. Specifying a marker of 0 clears the restart  marker.
           If  no  argument  is  specified, the current restart status is dis-
           played.



       rmdir directory-name

           Deletes a directory on the remote machine.



       runique

           Toggles storing of files on the local system with unique filenames.
           If  a  file  already  exists  with a name equal to the target local
           filename for a get or mget command, a .1 is appended to  the  name.
           If  the  resulting  name  matches  another  existing  file, a .2 is
           appended to the original name. If this process continues up to .99,
           an  error message is printed, and the transfer does not take place.
           The generated unique filename will be reported.  runique  will  not
           affect  local  files  generated  from  a shell command. The default
           value is off.



       safe

           Sets the protection level on data transfers to "safe". Data  trans-
           missions  are  integrity-protected by cryptographic checksum. If no
           ADAT command succeeded, then the only possible level is "clear".



       send local-file [ remote-file ]

           A synonym for put.



       sendport

           Toggles the use of PORT commands. By default, ftp will  attempt  to
           use  a  PORT  command  when establishing a connection for each data
           transfer. The use of PORT commands can prevent delays when perform-
           ing  multiple  file  transfers. If the PORT command fails, ftp will
           use the default data port. When the use of PORT  commands  is  dis-
           abled,  no  attempt will be made to use PORT commands for each data
           transfer.  This is useful when connected to certain FTP implementa-
           tions  that ignore PORT commands but incorrectly indicate they have
           been accepted.



       site arg1 [ arg2 ] ...

           Sends the arguments specified, verbatim, to the remote  FTP  server
           as a SITE command.



       status

           Show the current status of ftp.



       struct [ struct-name ]

           Sets  the file structure to struct-name. The only valid struct-name
           is file, which corresponds to the  default  "file"  structure.  The
           implementation  only  supports file, and requires that it be speci-
           fied.



       sunique

           Toggles storing of files on remote machine under unique file names.
           The  remote FTP server must support the STOU command for successful
           completion. The remote server will report the unique name.  Default
           value is off.



       tcpwindow [ size ]

           Sets  the TCP window size to be used for data connections. Specify-
           ing a size of 0 stops the explicit setting of the TCP  window  size
           on  data connections. If no argument is specified, the current set-
           ting is displayed.



       tenex

           Sets the "representation type" to that  needed  to  talk  to  TENEX
           machines.



       trace

           Toggles packet tracing (unimplemented).



       type [ type-name ]

           Sets  the  "representation type" to type-name. The valid type-names
           are ascii for "network ASCII", binary or  image  for  "image",  and
           tenex  for "local byte size" with a byte size of 8 (used to talk to
           TENEX machines). If no type  is  specified,  the  current  type  is
           printed.  The default type is "network ASCII".



       user user-name [ password ] [ account ]

           Identify  yourself to the remote FTP server. If the password is not
           specified and the server requires it, ftp will prompt the user  for
           it  (after disabling local echo). If an account field is not speci-
           fied, and the FTP server requires it, the user will be prompted for
           it.  If  an  account field is specified, an account command will be
           relayed to the remote server after the login sequence is  completed
           if  the remote server did not require it for logging in. Unless ftp
           is invoked with "auto-login" disabled, this process is  done  auto-
           matically on initial connection to the FTP server.



       verbose

           Toggles  verbose  mode. In verbose mode, all responses from the FTP
           server are displayed to the user. In addition, if verbose  mode  is
           on,  when a file transfer completes, statistics regarding the effi-
           ciency of the transfer are reported. By default, verbose mode is on
           if ftp's commands are coming from a terminal, and off otherwise.



       ? [ command ]

           A synonym for help.



       Command  arguments  which have embedded spaces may be quoted with quote
       (") marks.

       If any command argument which is not indicated as being optional is not
       specified, ftp will prompt for that argument.

ABORTING A FILE TRANSFER
       To  abort  a  file  transfer,  use  the terminal interrupt key. Sending
       transfers will be  immediately  halted.  Receiving  transfers  will  be
       halted  by  sending  an FTP protocol ABOR command to the remote server,
       and discarding any further data received. The speed at  which  this  is
       accomplished depends upon the remote server's support for ABOR process-
       ing. If the remote server does not support the ABOR  command,  an  ftp>&gt;
       prompt  will  not  appear until the remote server has completed sending
       the requested file.

       The terminal interrupt key sequence will be ignored when ftp  has  com-
       pleted  any  local  processing  and is awaiting a reply from the remote
       server. A long delay in this mode may result from the  ABOR  processing
       described  above,  or  from  unexpected  behavior by the remote server,
       including violations of the ftp protocol. If  the  delay  results  from
       unexpected remote server behavior, the local ftp program must be killed
       by hand.

FILE NAMING CONVENTIONS
       Local files specified  as  arguments  to  ftp  commands  are  processed
       according to the following rules.

       1)       If the file name - is specified, the standard input (for read-
                ing) or standard output (for writing) is used.



       2)       If the first character of the file name is |, the remainder of
                the argument is interpreted as a shell command. ftp then forks
                a shell, using popen(3C) with the argument supplied, and reads
                (writes)  from  the  standard  output (standard input) of that
                shell.  If the shell command includes <&lt;SPACE>&gt; characters,  the
                argument  must  be  quoted; for example "| ls -lt". A particu-
                larly useful example of this mechanism is: "dir | more".



       3)       Failing the above checks, if globbing is enabled,  local  file
                names  are  expanded according to the rules used in the sh(1);
                see the glob command. If the  ftp  command  expects  a  single
                local  file (for example, put), only the first filename gener-
                ated by the globbing operation is used.



       4)       For mget commands and get commands with unspecified local file
                names, the local filename is the remote filename, which may be
                altered by a case, ntrans,  or  nmap  setting.  The  resulting
                filename may then be altered if runique is on.



       5)       For  mput  commands  and  put commands with unspecified remote
                file names, the remote filename is the local  filename,  which
                may  be  altered  by  a  ntrans or nmap setting. The resulting
                filename may then be altered by the remote server  if  sunique
                is on.



FILE TRANSFER PARAMETERS
       The FTP specification specifies many parameters which may affect a file
       transfer.

       The "representation type" may be  one  of  "network  ASCII",  "EBCDIC",
       "image",  or "local byte size" with a specified byte size (for PDP-10's
       and PDP-20's mostly).  The "network ASCII" and "EBCDIC"  types  have  a
       further  subtype  which specifies whether vertical format control (NEW-
       LINE characters, form feeds, and so on) are to be passed through ("non-
       print"),  provided in TELNET format ("TELNET format controls"), or pro-
       vided in ASA (FORTRAN) ("carriage control (ASA)") format. ftp  supports
       the  "network ASCII" (subtype "non-print" only) and "image" types, plus
       "local byte size" with a byte size of 8 for  communicating  with  TENEX
       machines.

       The  "file structure" may be one of file (no record structure), record,
       or page. ftp supports only the default value, which is file.

       The "transfer mode" may be one of stream,  block,  or  compressed.  ftp
       supports only the default value, which is stream.

USAGE
       See  largefile(5)  for  the  description  of  the  behavior of ftp when
       encountering files greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte (2**31 bytes).

       The ftp command is IPv6-enabled. See ip6(7P).

FILES
       ~/.netrc

ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:


       tab()    allbox;    cw(2.750000i)|     cw(2.750000i)     lw(2.750000i)|
       lw(2.750000i).    ATTRIBUTE   TYPEATTRIBUTE  VALUE  AvailabilitySUNWbip
       CSIenabled


SEE ALSO
       ls(1),  rcp(1),  sh(1),   tar(1),   in.ftpd(1M),   popen(3C),   ftp(4),
       ftpusers(4), mech(4), netrc(4), attributes(5), largefile(5), ip6(7P)

       Allman,  M.,  Ostermann,  S., and Metz, C. RFC 2428, FTP Extensions for
       IPv6 and NATs. The Internet Society. September 1998.

       Lunt, S. J. RFC 2228, FTP Security Extensions. Internet Draft. November
       1993.

       Postel,  Jon,  and Joyce Reynolds. RFC 959, File Transfer Protocol (FTP
       ). Network Information Center. October 1985.

       Piscitello, D. RFC 1639, FTP Operation Over Big Address  Records  (FOO-
       BAR). Network Working Group. June 1994.

NOTES
       Failure  to  log in may arise from an explicit denial by the remote FTP
       server because the account is listed in /etc/ftpusers. See  in.ftpd(1M)
       and ftpusers(4).

       Correct  execution of many commands depends upon proper behavior by the
       remote server.

       An error in the treatment of carriage returns in the 4.2 BSD code  han-
       dling  transfers  with  a  "representation type" of "network ASCII" has
       been corrected. This correction may result in  incorrect  transfers  of
       binary  files to and from 4.2 BSD servers using a "representation type"
       of "network ASCII". Avoid this problem by using the "image" type.



SunOS 5.10                        14 May 2003                           ftp(1)