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forw(1)								      forw(1)


  forw - Forwards messages (only available within the message handling sys-
  tem, mh)


  forw [msgs] [+folder]	[options]



      The -annotate option annotates the message you are forwarding. If	you
      do not specify this option or specify the	-noannotate option, no anno-
      tation is	done. The -annotate option adds	the following lines to the
      message that you are forwarding:
	   Forwarded: date
	   Forwarded: address(es)

      The first	line records the time at which the message was forwarded; the
      second records the addresses of the recipients of	the forwarded mes-

      The forw command annotates messages only when they are successfully
      sent. If you do not send the message immediately and file	the unsent
      draft, it	will not be annotated. It is also possible to confuse forw by
      using the	push command to	send the message, and renumbering the message
      before it	is sent	(for example, by using folder -pack to reorder the


      The -dashmunging option represents default forw behavior,	which adds an
      extra dash (-) before any	line that begins with a	dash. This behavior
      causes problems when forwarded messages contain PostScript files
      because the extra	characters prevent those files from being printed.

      Specify the -nodashmunging option	when forwarding	messages that contain
      PostScript files.	 The -nodashmunging option works only in combination
      with the -format or -filter filterfile option.

  -draftfolder foldername

      The -draftfolder option specifies	the folder in which the	draft message
      is created. If you do not	send the draft,	the mail system	will store it
      in this folder.

      The draft	folder is usually specified as an option in .mh_profile
      rather than through the -draftfolder option on the command line. See
      the mh_profile(4)	reference page for more	information.

      If you specify a draft folder in .mh_profile, you	can override it	by
      using the	-nodraftfolder option on the command line.

  -draftmessage	filename
      Specifies	the file in which the draft message is created.	 If no abso-
      lute pathname is given, the file is assumed to be	in your	Mail direc-
      tory, usually $HOME/Mail.	If you do not send the message,	it is stored
      in the named file	until you delete it, or	send it	at a later date.

  -editor editorname
      Specifies	the editor that	you want to use	to edit	your forwarded mes-
      sage. You	can supply the name of any approved editor.

  -filter filterfile
      Reformats	(filters) the forwarded	messages prior to inclusion in the
      draft message. If	you do not specify -filter, the	forwarded messages
      are included in the draft	exactly	as they	appear.	This option allows
      you to reformat them according to	instructions in	a named	filter file.
      This must	be an mhl file;	see the	mh-format(4) reference page for	more

      The -format option also reformats	messages before	encapsulating them in
      the draft. However, -format always reformats according to	the instruc-
      tions in the default mhl.forward file.  The -filter option allows	you
      to use your own, named filter file to format the messages.

  -form	formfile
      Specifies	the message header to be used in the draft message.  If	this
      option is	present, forw takes the	header of the draft message from the
      named file. If this option is not	present, the header is taken from the
      forwcomps	file in	your Mail directory, or	failing	that, from the mail
      system default header. However, the -form	option overrides both of
      these defaults.


      The -format option reformats the messages	to be forwarded	before
      enclosing	them in	the draft message. If this option is not supplied or
      the -noformat option is used, the	forwarded messages are included	in
      the draft	exactly	as they	appear.	With the -format option, the for-
      warded message is	reformatted according to the instructions in the
      mhl.forward file in your Mail directory. If this file does not exist,
      the message is formatted according to the	system file
      /usr/lib/mh/mhl.forward. The mhl.forward file is an mhl file; see	the
      mh-format(4) reference page for more information.

      You can also use the -filter filterfile option to	reformat messages.
      The difference is	that -format always takes its instructions from	the
      mhl.forward file.	With -filter, you can specify the name of the filter
      file you want to use.

      Prints a list of the valid options for this command.


      These options apply only when the	-annotate option is also used.

      The -inplace option causes annotation to be done in place, to preserve
      links to the annotated message.

      The -noinplace option specifies that annotation be done without
      preserving links to the annotated	message.

      Suppresses editing of the	draft message altogether.

  -whatnowproc program

      The -whatnowproc option specifies	an alternative whatnow program.	Nor-
      mally, forw invokes the default whatnow program. See the whatnow(1)
      reference	page for a discussion of available options. You	can specify
      your own alternative to the default program by using the -whatnowproc
      program option. If you do	specify	your own program, you should not call
      it whatnow.

      You can suppress the whatnow program entirely by using the -nowhat-
      nowproc option. However, as the program normally starts the initial
      edit, the	-nowhatnowproc option prevents you from	editing	the message.


      Specifies	one or more numbers, or	a range	of numbers, to identify	the
      messages that you	want to	forward. By default, forw forwards the
      current message.

      Identifies the folder from which messages	are to be forwarded.  By
      default, forw forwards messages from the current folder.


  The forw command sends one or	more messages on to recipients who were	not
  the original addressees.  The	command	encapsulates all messages to be	for-
  warded and adds a message header.  Forwarded messages	appear to originate
  from the forwarder and not the sender	of the original	message.

  The command invokes an editor	so that	you can	edit the forwarded message or
  add text before or after the encapsulated message. When you exit from	the
  editor, you receive a	prompt asking what you want to do with the completed
  draft. This prompt usually takes the form What now?. See the whatnow(1)
  reference page for more information on the options available.

  If you forward a number of messages, each forwarded message is encapsulated
  separately. When received, the message is suitable for expanding with	the
  burst	command	(see the burst(1) reference page).

  By default, the mail system uses a standard message header for forwarded
  messages. This is taken from the system file /usr/lib/mh/forwcomps. You can
  supply your own header by creating a file called forwcomps in	your Mail
  directory. If	this file exists, forw automatically uses the header in	it
  when creating	draft messages.

  If you do not	have a draft folder set	up, forw creates your new draft	in a
  file called draft in your Mail directory, usually $HOME/Mail.	This file
  must be empty	before you can create a	new draft, which means that you	can
  store	only one draft at a time. If it	is not empty, the mail system will
  ask you what you want	to do with the existing	contents. Your options are:

      To abort forw, leaving the draft intact

      To replace the existing draft with the appropriate message form

      To display the draft message

      To refile	the existing draft message in a	specified folder.

      This option provides a new message form for you to complete.

  If you want to keep more than	one draft (unsent) message available, you can
  set up a draft folder	in your	.mh_profile. This folder allows	you to keep
  as many unsent drafts	as space allows	and still create new messages. To set
  up a draft folder, make sure that the	following line is in your .mh_profile

       Draft-folder: +drafts

  For more information on setting up folders, see the mh_profile(4) reference

  If you set up	a draft	folder,	all draft messages are created in that
  folder. If you decide	not to send the	draft, by typing quit at the What
  now? prompt, the message is stored in	the draft folder. You can then re-
  edit the message, or send it at a later date,	by using the -use option with
  the comp command.

  If you use prompter as your editor, you can specify the -prepend option to
  prompter in the .mh_profile file. If you do this, any	text you add is
  entered before the forwarded messages. See the prompter(1) reference page
  for details on other prompter	options.

  If you specify the forw command without any operands or options, the fol-
  lowing defaults apply:

    +  +folder defaults	to the current folder.

    +  msgs defaults to	the current message.

    +  -dashmunging

    +  -noannotate

    +  If a draft folder is specified in the $HOME/.mh_profile file, that
       draft folder is used; otherwise,	-nodraftfolder is the default.

    +  -noformat

    +  -noinplace

  Profile Components

  The following	entries	in $HOME/.mh_profile can affect	operation of the forw
  command.  Refer to mh_profile(4) for a more complete description of these

      Determines your Mail directory.

      Finds the	default	draft folder.

      Overrides	the default editor.

      Sets the protection mode when creating a new message (draft).

      Overrides	the default mail interchange code.

      Specifies	a nondefault program for refiling messages.

      Specifies	a nondefault program for filtering the messages	being for-

      Specifies	a nondefault program for asking	the What now? questions.


      The default system template for forwarded	messages

      The user-supplied	alternative to the default system template.

      The user-supplied	alternative to the system message template used	with

      The default message filter

      The user-supplied	alternative to the default system message filter

      The user profile

      The draft	file


  Commands: comp(1), dist(1), refile(1), repl(1), send(1), whatnow(1)

  Files: mh-format(4), mh_profile(4)

  Proposed Standard for	Message	Encapsulation (RFC 934)