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 fmt(1)								      fmt(1)

      fmt - format text

      fmt [-cs] [-w width] [file...]

      The fmt command is a simple text formatter that fills and joins lines
      to produce output lines of (up to) the number of characters specified
      in the -w width option.  The default width is 72.	 fmt concatenates
      the file arguments.  If none are given, fmt formats text from the
      standard input.

      Blank lines are preserved in the output, as is the spacing between
      words.  fmt does not fill lines beginning with a period (.), for
      compatibility with nroff.	 Nor does it fill lines starting with From:.

      Indentation is preserved in the output and input lines with differing
      indentation are not joined (unless -c is used).

      fmt can also be used as an in-line text filter for vi; the vi command:


      reformats the text between the cursor location and the end of the

      fmt recognizes the following options:

	   -c	 Crown margin mode.  Preserve the indentation of the first
		 two lines within a paragraph and align the left margin of
		 each subsequent line with that of the second line.  This is
		 useful for tagged paragraphs.

	   -s	 Split lines only.  Do not join short lines to form longer
		 ones.	This prevents sample lines of code, and other such
		 formatted text, from being unduly combined.

	   -w	 Fill output lines to up to width columns.

      The -w width option is acceptable for BSD compatibility, but it may go
      away in future releases.

      nroff(1), vi(1).

 Hewlett-Packard Company	    - 1 -   HP-UX Release 11i: November 2000