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dpost(1)                         User Commands                        dpost(1)

       dpost - troff postprocessor for PostScript printers

       dpost  [-c num]  [-e num] [-m num] [-n num] [-o list] [-w num] [-x num]
       [-y num] [-F dir] [-H dir] [-L file] [-O] [-T name] [file...]


       dpost translates files created by troff(1) into PostScript  and  writes
       the  results on the standard output. If no files are specified, or if -
       is one of the input files, the standard input is read.

       The files should be prepared  by  troff.  The  default  font  files  in
       /usr/lib/font/devpost produce the best and most efficient output.  They
       assume a resolution of 720 dpi, and can be  used  to  format  files  by
       adding  the  -Tpost option to the troff call. Older versions of the eqn
       and pic preprocessors need to know the resolution that  troff  will  be
       using  to format the files. If those are the versions installed on your
       system, use the -r720 option with eqn and -T720 with pic.

       dpost makes no assumptions about resolutions. The first x  res  command
       sets  the  resolution  used  to translate the input files, the DESC.out
       file, usually /usr/lib/font/devpost/DESC.out,  defines  the  resolution
       used in the binary font files, and the PostScript prologue is responsi-
       ble for setting up an appropriate user coordinate system.

       -c num          Print num copies of each page. By default only one copy
                       is printed.

       -e num          Sets  the  text  encoding  level to num. The recognized
                       choices are 0, 1, and 2. The size of  the  output  file
                       and  print time should decrease as num increases. Level
                       2 encoding will typically be about  20  percent  faster
                       than  level 0, which is the default and produces output
                       essentially identical to previous versions of dpost.

       -m num          Magnify each logical page by the factor num. Pages  are
                       scaled  uniformly  about  the  origin, which is located
                       near the upper left corner of each  page.  The  default
                       magnification is  1.0.

       -n num          Print  num  logical pages on each piece of paper, where
                       num can be any positive integer. By default, num is set
                       to  1.

       -o list         Print  those  pages  for which numbers are given in the
                       comma-separated list. The list contains single  numbers
                       N  and ranges N1-N2. A missing N1 means the lowest num-
                       bered page, a missing N2 means the  highest.  The  page
                       range  is  an  expression  of logical pages rather than
                       physical sheets of  paper.  For  example,  if  you  are
                       printing  two  logical pages to a sheet, and you speci-
                       fied a range of 4,  then  two  sheets  of  paper  would
                       print, containing four page layouts. If you specified a
                       page range of  3-4, when requesting two  logical  pages
                       to  a  sheet; then only page 3 and page 4 layouts would
                       print, and they would appear on one physical  sheet  of

       -p mode         Print  files in either portrait or landscape mode. Only
                       the first character of mode is significant. The default
                       mode is portrait.

       -w num          Set  the  line  width  used to implement troff graphics
                       commands to num points, where a point is  approximately
                       1/72 of an inch. By default, num is set to  0.3 points.

       -x num          Translate  the  origin  num inches along the positive x
                       axis. The default  coordinate  system  has  the  origin
                       fixed near the upper left corner of the page, with pos-
                       itive x to the right and positive y down the page. Pos-
                       itive num moves everything right. The default offset is
                       0 inches.

       -y num          Translate the origin num inches along  the  positive  y
                       axis.  Positive num moves text up the page. The default
                       offset is  0.

       -F dir          Use dir as the  font  directory.  The  default  dir  is
                       /usr/lib/font,  and  dpost reads binary font files from
                       directory /usr/lib/font/devpost.

       -H dir          Use dir as the host resident font directory.  Files  in
                       this  directory  should  be  complete  PostScript  font
                       descriptions, and must be assigned a name  that  corre-
                       sponds  to  the  appropriate  two-character  troff font
                       name. Each font file is copied to the output file  only
                       when  needed and at most once during each job. There is
                       no default directory.

       -L file         Use file as the PostScript prologue which, by  default,
                       is /usr/lib/lp/postscript/dpost.ps.

       -O              Disables  PostScript  picture  inclusion. A recommended
                       option when dpost is run by a spooler  in  a  networked

       -T name         Use  font files for device name as the best description
                       of available PostScript fonts.  By default, name is set
                       to   post   and   dpost   reads   binary   files   from

       Example 1: Examples of the dpost command.

       If the old versions of eqn and pic are installed on  your  system,  you
       can  obtain  the best possible looking output by issuing a command line
       such as the following:

       example% pic -T720 file | tbl | eqn -r720 | troff -mm -Tpost | dpost


       example% pic file | tbl | eqn | troff -mm -Tpost | dpost

       should give the best results.

       The following exit values are returned:

       0               Successful completion.

       non-zero        An error occurred.









       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       tab()    allbox;    cw(2.750000i)|     cw(2.750000i)     lw(2.750000i)|
       lw(2.750000i).  ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE AvailabilitySUNWpsf

       download(1),  postdaisy(1),  postdmd(1),  postio(1),  postmd(1),  post-
       print(1), postreverse(1), posttek(1), troff(1), attributes(5)

       Output files often do not conform to Adobe's file  structuring  conven-
       tions. Piping the output of dpost through postreverse(1) should produce
       a minimally conforming PostScript file.

       Although dpost can handle files formatted for any device, emulation  is
       expensive and can easily double the print time and the size of the out-
       put file. No attempt has been made to implement the character  sets  or
       fonts  available  on all devices supported by troff. Missing characters
       will be replaced by white space, and unrecognized  fonts  will  usually
       default to one of the Times fonts (that is, R, I, B, or BI).

       An  x  res  command  must precede the first x init command, and all the
       input files should have been prepared for the same output device.

       Use of the -T option is not encouraged. Its only purpose is  to  enable
       the  use  of  other  PostScript font and device description files, that
       perhaps use different resolutions, character sets, or fonts.

       Although level 0 encoding is the only scheme that has  been  thoroughly
       tested, level 2 is fast and may be worth a try.

SunOS 5.10                        9 Sep 1996                          dpost(1)