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CMDTOOL(1)                  General Commands Manual                 CMDTOOL(1)

       cmdtool - run a shell (or program) using the SunView text facility

       cmdtool  [  -C ] [ -M bytes ] [ -P count ] [ generic-tool-arguments ] [
       program [ program-arguments ] ]

       This command is available with the SunView User's software installation
       option.  Refer to for information on how to install optional software.

       cmdtool  is  the standard SunView support facility for shells and other
       programs.  When invoked, cmdtool runs a program (usually a shell) in  a
       text-based  command  subwindow.   Characters  typed on the keyboard are
       inserted at the caret.  If the program is a shell, that  shell  accepts
       and  runs commands in the usual manner.  cmdtool also supports programs
       that perform cursor motions directly, such as vi(1).

       The text of the current command line can be edited using normal  texte-
       dit(1) functions.  The command subwindow displays a log of the session,
       which can be scrolled through using the scrollbar (unless  the  command
       does cursor motion).  This log can be edited, and saved by choosing the
       `Store as New File' item in the text facility's pop-up menu. The `Split
       View'  command,  also  in the pop-up menu, can be used to create two or
       more independent views of the log.

       -C             Console cmdtool.  Display console messages in this  cmd-
                      tool,  which might otherwise appear in unexpected places
                      on the workstation screen.  Since a cmdtool  window  can
                      be  scrolled, console error messages can be recorded for
                      later examination.

       -M bytes       Set the log to wrap-around after the indicated number of

       -P count       Checkpoint  the  log  after  every  set of count editing

                      cmdtool accepts the generic  tool  arguments  listed  in

       program [ program-arguments ]
                      If  a  program  argument is present, cmdtool runs it and
                      passes any remaining arguments to that program.   If  no
                      program  is given, cmdtool runs the program indicated by
                      the  SHELL  environment  variable,  or  /usr/bin/sh   by

       Refer to for details on how to use cmdtool.

   Defaults Options
       The  following  options  can  be  configured  as default settings using

              When set to TRUE (the standard default) only command  lines  can
              be edited.  FALSE allows the entire log to be edited.  (See also
              the description of Enable Edit below.)

              This entry allows you to specify the method for  displaying  the
              editing caret.
              Same_as_for_text  Use  the setting specified in the defaults for
                                the Text category (the standard default).
              If_auto_scroll    If the caret is showing, and an inserted  NEW-
                                LINE would position it below the bottom of the
                                screen (as determined by /Text/Lower_context),
                                the  text  is scrolled to keep the caret show-
                                ing.  The number of lines scrolled  is  deter-
                                mined  by  the  /Text/Auto_scroll_by  default.
                                (See textedit(1) for more information.)
              Always            Scroll the caret back into view whenever input
                                would position it off the screen.

              If  set  to  0  (the standard default) no checkpointing is done.
              For any value greater than zero, a checkpoint is made each  time
              the indicated number editing operations has been performed since
              the last checkpoint.  Each character typed, each Paste, and each
              Cut  counts  as  an  editing  operation.  At each checkpoint, an
              updated copy of the log is saved in a file with a name  that  is
              constructed  by  appending two percent signs (%%) to the name of
              the log file.  By default, the log file has a name of  the  form
              /tmp/tty.txt.pid  (pid is the process ID number of cmdtool); the
              corresponding  checkpoint  file  has  a   name   of   the   form

              If  set  to 0 (the standard default) no wrap-around takes place;
              the log file  grows  without  a  specified  limit.   For  values
              greater  than  zero,  wrap-around  occurs whenever the indicated
              number of characters have been written to the log since the last
              wrap-around.   Characters  that  are  pushed  over  the  top are
              replaced by the message:

                     *** Text is lost because the maximum edit  log  size  has
                     been exceeded. ***

              Set  the  character for erasing to the left of the caret.  Note:
              in cmdtool, the `stty erase' command has no effect.   Text-based
              tools  refer  only  to  the defaults database key settings.  The
              default is DELETE.

              Set the character for erasing the word to the left of the caret.
              The standard default is CTRL-W.

              Set  the character for erasing all characters to the left of the
              caret.  Note: `stty kill' has no effect in cmdtool.   The  stan-
              dard default is CTRL-U.

   The Command Subwindow
       The command subwindow is based on the text facility, which is described
       in It uses the same pop-up menu as the text facility, but with an addi-
       tional pull-right `Cmd Modes' menu, which contains the `Enable Editing'
       and `Disable Scrolling' items.

       Command subwindows support cursor motions,  using  a  new  /etc/termcap
       entry  called  sun-cmd.   Command subwindows automatically set the TERM
       environment variable to sun-cmd.  So, if you rlogin(1C)  to  a  machine
       that  does  not have an entry for sun-cmd in its /etc/termcap file, the
       error message `Type sun-cmd unknown' results.  To  rectify  this,  type
       the  command  `set  TERM=sun'.   Programs  written using the curses(3V)
       library package will work in a command subwindow,  but  programs  hard-
       coded  for  sun-type terminals may not.  When supporting a program that
       performs cursor motions, the command subwindow automatically  takes  on
       the  characteristics  of  a tty subwindow (as with shelltool(1)).  When
       that program terminates or sleeps, the full command subwindow function-
       ality is restored.

       cmdtool  supports  programs that use CBREAK and NO ECHO terminal modes.
       This support is normally invisible to the user.  However, programs that
       use  RAW  mode,  such as rlogin(1C) and script(1), inhibit command-line
       editing with the mouse.  In this case, however, tty-style ERASE,  word-
       kill  and  line-kill  characters  can still be used to edit the current
       command line.

   The Command Subwindow Menu
       Copy, then Paste  When there is a current selection,  the  entire  menu
                         item  is active.  The selection is copied both to the
                         clipboard and to  the  location  pointed  to  by  the
                         caret.  When there is no selection, but there is text
                         on the clipboard, only  Paste  is  active.   In  this
                         case, the contents of the clipboard are copied to the
                         caret.  When there is no selection and the  clipboard
                         is  empty,  this item is inactive.  `Copy then Paste'
                         is a generic text menu item.   Refer  to  textedit(1)
                         for information about other generic text menu items.

       Enable Edit
       Disable Edit      Toggle to allow or disallow editing on the log.

       Disable Scrolling
       Enable Scrolling  Toggle  between  a  scrollable, editable window, or a
                         display that  supports  cursor  motions.   Note:  for
                         well-behaved  programs (such as vi(1)) this switching
                         is performed automatically (so this menu item is sel-
                         dom needed).

       Text  facility  accelerators that are especially useful in command sub-
       windows are described here.  See
       textedit(1) for more information.

       CTRL-RETURN       Position the caret at the bottom, and scroll it  into
                         view as determined by /Text/Lower_context.

       META-P            Choose the `Copy, then Paste' menu item.

       F1                Toggle  between  all-upper-case  keyboard  input, and
       The environment variables LC_CTYPE, LANG, and  LC_default  control  the
       character  classification  throughout  cmdtool.   On  entry to cmdtool,
       these  environment  variables  are  checked  in  the  following  order:
       LC_CTYPE, LANG, and LC_default.  When a valid value is found, remaining
       environment variables for character classification  are  ignored.   For
       example,  a  new  setting  for LANG does not override the current valid
       character classification rules of LC_CTYPE.  When none of the values is
       valid,  the  shell character classification defaults to the POSIX.1 "C"

       /tmp/tty.txt.pid    log file

       defaultsedit(1),  rlogin(1C),  script(1),  sh(1),  shelltool(1),   sun-
       view(1), textedit(1), vi(1), curses(3V)

       Typing  ahead  while  cmdtool changes between its scrollable and cursor
       motion modes will sometimes freeze cmdtool .

       Full terminal emulation is not complete.  Some manifestations  of  this
       deficiency are:

       o  File completion in the C shell does not work.

       o  Enhanced display of text is not supported.

                                 19 July 1989                       CMDTOOL(1)