ckstr(1) User Commands ckstr(1)
ckstr, errstr, helpstr, valstr - display a prompt; verify and return a
ckstr [-Q] [-W width] [ [-r regexp] [...]] [-l length] [-d default]
[-h help] [-e error] [-p prompt] [ -k pid [- s signal]]
/usr/sadm/bin/errstr [-W width] [-e error] [-l length] [ [-r regexp]
/usr/sadm/bin/helpstr [-W width] [-h help] [-l length] [ [-r regexp]
/usr/sadm/bin/valstr [-l length] [ [-r regexp] [...]] input
The ckstr utility prompts a user and validates the response. It
defines, among other things, a prompt message whose response should be
a string, text for help and error messages, and a default value (which
are returned if the user responds with a <<RETURN>>).
The answer returned from this command must match the defined regular
expression and be no longer than the length specified. If no regular
expression is given, valid input must be a string with a length less
than or equal to the length defined with no internal, leading or trail-
ing white space. If no length is defined, the length is not checked.
All messages are limited in length to 79 characters and are formatted
automatically. Tabs and newlines are removed after a single white space
character in a message definition, but spaces are not removed. When a
tilde is placed at the beginning or end of a message definition, the
default text will be inserted at that point, allowing both custom text
and the default text to be displayed.
If the prompt, help or error message is not defined, the default mes-
sage (as defined under EXAMPLES) is displayed.
Three visual tool modules are linked to the ckstr command. They are
errstr (which formats and displays an error message on the standard
output), helpstr (which formats and displays a help message on the
standard output), and valstr (which validates a response). These mod-
ules should be used in conjunction with Framed Access Command Environ-
ment (FACE) objects. In this instance, the FACE object defines the
The following options are supported:
-d default Defines the default value as default. The default is
not validated and so does not have to meet any crite-
-e error Defines the error message as error.
-h help Defines the help message as help.
-k pid Specifies that process ID pid is to be sent a signal if
the user chooses to quit.
-l length Specifies the maximum length of the input.
-p prompt Defines the prompt message as prompt.
-Q Specifies that quit will not be allowed as a valid
-r regexp Specifies a regular expression, regexp, against which
the input should be validated. May include white space.
If multiple expressions are defined, the answer need
match only one of them.
-s signal Specifies that the process ID pid defined with the -k
option is to be sent signal signal when quit is chosen.
If no signal is specified, SIGTERM is used.
-W width Specifies that prompt, help and error messages will be
formatted to a line length of width.
The following operand is supported:
input Input to be verified against format length and/or regu-
lar expression criteria.
Example 1: Default prompt
The default prompt for ckstr is:
Enter an appropriate value [?,q]:
Example 2: Default error message
The default error message is dependent upon the type of validation
involved. The user will be told either that the length or the pattern
matching failed. The default error message is:
ERROR: Please enter a string which contains no embedded,
leading or trailing spaces or tabs.
Example 3: Default help message
The default help message is also dependent upon the type of validation
involved. If a regular expression has been defined, the message is:
example% /usr/sadm/bin/helpstr -r regexp
Please enter a string which matches the following pattern:
Other messages define the length requirement and the definition of a
Example 4: Using the quit option
When the quit option is chosen (and allowed), q is returned along with
the return code 3. Quit input gets a trailing newline.
Example 5: Using the valstr module
The valstr module will produce a usage message on stderr. It returns 0
for success and non-zero for failure.
usage: valstr [-l length] [[-r regexp] [...]] input
The following exit values are returned:
0 Successful execution.
1 EOF on input, or negative width on -W option, or usage
2 Invalid regular expression.
3 User termination (quit).
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
tab() allbox; cw(2.750000i)| cw(2.750000i) lw(2.750000i)|
lw(2.750000i). ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE AvailabilitySUNWcsu
face(1), signal.h(3HEAD), attributes(5)
SunOS 5.10 14 Sep 1992 ckstr(1)