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BIN-MAIL(1)                 General Commands Manual                BIN-MAIL(1)



NAME
       bin-mail, binmail - an early program for processing mail messages

SYNOPSIS
       /usr/bin/mail [ -ipq ] [ -f filename ] address
       /usr/bin/mail recipient ...

DESCRIPTION
       Note:  This is the old version 7 UNIX system mail program.  The default
       mail command, /usr/ucb/mail is described in mail(1).

       /usr/bin/mail with no address prints a user's mail,  message-by-message
       in  last-in,  first-out order.  /usr/bin/mail accepts commands from the
       standard input to direct disposition messages.

       When addresses are named, /usr/bin/mail takes the standard input up  to
       an EOF (or a line with just `.')  and routes it through the mailer dae-
       mon to each recipient.  See sendmail(8) for details.   The  message  is
       preceded  by  the  sender's  name and a postmark.  Lines that look like
       postmarks are prepended with `>>'.  A recipient is a  user  name  recog-
       nized by login(1), a network address or local mail alias, or a filename
       (see aliases(5) for details).

       If there is any pending mail, login tells you there is  mail  when  you
       log  in.   It  is also possible to have the C shell, or the daemon biff
       tell you about mail that arrives while you are logged in.

       To forward mail automatically, add the addresses of additional  recipi-
       ents  to  the  .forward  file in your home directory.  Note: forwarding
       addresses must be valid, or the messages will bounce.  You cannot,  for
       instance,  reroute your mail to a new host by forwarding it to your new
       address if it is not yet listed  in  the  Network  Information  Service
       (NIS) aliases domain.

OPTIONS
       -i             Ignore interrupts.

       -p             Print  messages  without  prompting  for commands.  Exit
                      immediately upon receiving an interrupt.

       -q             Quit immediately upon interrupt.

       -f filename    Use filename as if it were the mail file.

USAGE
       ?                       Print a command summary.

       CTRL-D                  Put unexamined mail back in the mail  file  and
                               quit.

       !command                Escape to the shell to do command.

       -                       Go back to previous message.

       +                       Go on to next message.

       RETURN                  Go on to next message.

       d                       Delete message and go on to the next.

       dq                      Delete message and quit.

       m [ recipient ]         ...   Mail  the message to the named recipients
                               (yourself is default).

       n                       Go on to next message.

       p                       Print message (again).

       q                       Same as EOT .

       s [ filename] ...       Save the message in the named filenames (`mbox'
                               default).   If  saved  successfully,  remove it
                               from the list and go on to the next message.

       w [ filename ] ...      Save the message,  without  a  header,  in  the
                               named  filenames  (`mbox'  default).   If saved
                               successfully, remove it from the list and go on
                               to the next message.

       x                       Exit without changing the mail file.

FILES
       /etc/passwd         to identify sender and locate address
       /var/spool/mail/*   incoming mail for user *
       /usr/ucb/mail       routes input through daemon to recipients
       mbox                saved mail
       /tmp/ma*            temp file
       /var/spool/mail/*.lock
                           lock for mail directory
       dead.letter         unmailable text is saved here
       $HOME/.forward      list of forwarding recipients

SEE ALSO
       biff(1),   csh(1),   des(1),   login(1),  mail(1),  uucp(1C),  uux(1C),
       write(1), xsend(1), crypt(3), aliases(5), sendmail(8)

BUGS
       Race conditions sometimes result in a failure to remove a lock file.

       The super-user can read your mail, unless it is  encrypted  by  des(1),
       xsend(1),  or  crypt(3).   Even  if  you encrypt it, the super-user can
       delete it.

NOTES
       The Network Information Service (NIS) was formerly known as Sun  Yellow
       Pages  (YP).   The  functionality of the two remains the same; only the
       name has changed.



                               28 November 1988                    BIN-MAIL(1)