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Intro(1)                         User Commands                        Intro(1)



NAME
       Intro, intro - introduction to commands and application programs

DESCRIPTION
       This  section describes, in alphabetical order, commands available with
       this operating system.

       Pages of special interest are categorized as follows:

       1B       Commands found only in the SunOS/BSD Compatibility Package.



       1C       Commands for communicating with other systems.



       1F       Commands associated with Form and  Menu  Language  Interpreter
                (FMLI).



       1S       Commands specific to the SunOS system.



   OTHER SECTIONS
       See  these  sections of the man pages section 1M: System Administration
       Commands for more information.

         o  Section 1M in this manual for system maintenance commands.

         o  Section 4 of this manual for information on file formats.

         o  Section 5 of this manual for descriptions  of  publicly  available
            files and miscellaneous information pages.

         o  Section 6 in this manual for computer demonstrations.


       For tutorial information about these commands and procedures, see:

         o  Solaris Advanced User's Guide


   Manual Page Command Syntax
       Unless otherwise noted, commands described in the SYNOPSIS section of a
       manual page accept options and other arguments according to the follow-
       ing syntax and should be interpreted as explained below.

       name [-option...] [cmdarg...] where:

       [ ]             Surround an option or cmdarg that is not required.



       ...             Indicates multiple occurrences of the option or cmdarg.



       name            The name of an executable file.



       { }             The options and/or arguments enclosed within braces are
                       interdependent, such that everything enclosed  must  be
                       treated as a unit.



       option          (Always  preceded by a "-".) noargletter... or, arglet-
                       ter optarg[,...]



       noargletter     A single  letter  representing  an  option  without  an
                       option-argument.  Notice that more than one noargletter
                       option can be  grouped  after  one  "-"  (Guideline  5,
                       below).



       argletter       A  single  letter  representing  an option requiring an
                       option-argument.



       optarg          An option-argument (character string) satisfying a pre-
                       ceding argletter. Notice that groups of optargs follow-
                       ing an argletter must be separated by commas, or  sepa-
                       rated by a tab or space character and quoted (Guideline
                       8, below).



       cmdarg          Path name (or other  command  argument)  not  beginning
                       with  "-",  or  "-"  by  itself indicating the standard
                       input.



       Unless otherwise specified, whenever an operand or option-argument  is,
       or contains, a numeric value:

         o  The number is interpreted as a decimal integer.

         o  Numerals in the range 0 to 2147483647 are syntactically recognized
            as numeric values.

         o  When the utility description states that it accepts negative  num-
            bers  as  operands  or  option-arguments,  numerals  in  the range
            -2147483647 to 2147483647 are syntactically recognized as  numeric
            values.

         o  Ranges greater than those listed here are allowed.


   Command Syntax Standard: Guidelines
       These  command  syntax  guidelines are not followed by all current com-
       mands, but new commands are likely to obey them. getopts(1)  should  be
       used  by  all  shell  procedures  to parse positional parameters and to
       check for  legal  options.  It  supports  Guidelines  3-10  below.  The
       enforcement of the other guidelines must be done by the command itself.

       1.  Command  names  (name above) should be between two and nine charac-
           ters long.


       2.  Command names should include only lower-case letters and digits.


       3.  Option names (option above) must be one character long.


       4.  All options must be preceded by "-".


       5.  Options with no arguments can be grouped after a single "-".


       6.  The first option-argument (optarg above) following an  option  must
           be preceded by a tab or space character.


       7.  Option-arguments cannot be optional.


       8.  Groups of option-arguments following an option must either be sepa-
           rated by commas or separated by tab or space character  and  quoted
           (-o xxx,z,yy or -o"xxx z yy").


       9.  All  options  must  precede  operands (cmdarg above) on the command
           line.


       10. "--" can be used to indicate the end of the options.


       11. The order of the options relative to one another should not matter.


       12. The relative order of the operands (cmdarg above) can affect  their
           significance  in  ways  determined  by  the command with which they
           appear.


       13. "-" preceded and followed by a white space character should only be
           used to mean standard input.


       An  expanded  set  of  guidelines  referred to as CLIP for Command Line
       Interface Paradigm has been developed for Solaris and other  Sun  prod-
       ucts.  Its  intent  is  to  provide  a command line syntax more closely
       aligned with the GNU command line syntax popular on Linux systems.There
       is  no  intent  to retrofit existing utilities or even to apply this to
       all new utilities. It is only intended to be applied to sets of  utili-
       ties being developed when appropriate.

       CLIP  is  a  full  superset of the guidelines discussed above which are
       closely aligned with IEEE Std. 1003.1-2001 (SUSv3). It does not include
       all  the  GNU syntax. The GNU syntax allows constructs that either con-
       flict with the IEEE rules or are ambiguous. These  constructs  are  not
       allowed.

       The expanded CLIP command line syntax is:

       utility_name -a --longopt1 -c option_argument    -f option_argument --longopt2=option_argument    --longopt3 option_argument operand

       The  utility  in  the  example is named utility_name. It is followed by
       options, option-arguments, and operands, collectively  referred  to  as
       arguments.  The  arguments  that  consist of a hyphen followed a single
       letter or digit, such as -a, are known as short-options . The arguments
       that consist of two hyphens followed by a series of letters, digits and
       hyphens, such as --longopt1, are known as long-options .  Collectively,
       short-options  and long-options are referred to as options (or histori-
       cally, flags ). Certain options are followed by an option-argument,  as
       shown  with  -c  option_argument  .  The  arguments  following the last
       options and option-arguments are named operands. Once the first operand
       is  encountered,  all  subsequent arguments are interpreted to be oper-
       ands.

       Option-arguments are sometimes shown separated from their short-options
       by  <&lt;BLANKS>&gt;s, sometimes directly adjacent. This reflects the situation
       that in some cases an option-argument is included within the same argu-
       ment  string as the option; in most cases it is the next argument. This
       specification requires that the option be a separate argument from  its
       option-argument,  but  there  are  some  exceptions to ensure continued
       operation of historical applications:

         o  If the SYNOPSIS of a utility shows  a  <&lt;SPACE>&gt;  between  a  short-
            option  and  option-argument  (as  with  -c option_argument in the
            example), the application uses separate arguments for that  option
            and its option-argument.

         o  If a <&lt;SPACE>&gt; is not shown (as with -f option_argument in the exam-
            ple), the application expects an option  and  its  option-argument
            directly adjacent in the same argument string, without intervening
            <&lt;BLANK>&gt;s.

         o  Notwithstanding the preceding requirements, an application  should
            accept  short-options and option-arguments as a single argument or
            as separate arguments whether or not a <&lt;SPACE>&gt;  is  shown  on  the
            synopsis line.

         o  Long-options  with option-arguments are always documented as using
            an equals sign as the separator between the option  name  and  the
            option-argument.  If  the  OPTIONS  section  of a utility shows an
            equals sign (=) between a long-option and its option-argument  (as
            with  --longopt2=  option_argument  in the example), a application
            shall also permit the use of separate arguments  for  that  option
            and its option-argument (as with --longopt1 option_argument in the
            example).


       CLIP expands the guidelines discussed  with  the  following  additional
       guidelines:

       1.  The form command subcommand [options] [operands] is appropriate for
           grouping similar operations. Subcommand  names  should  follow  the
           same  conventions as command names as specified in guidelines 1 and
           2.


       2.  Long-options should be preceded  by  --  and  should  include  only
           alphanumeric  characters  and  hyphens  from the portable character
           set. Option names are typically  one  to  three  words  long,  with
           hyphens to separate words.


       3.  --name=argument  should be used to specify an option-argument for a
           long-option. The form --name argument is also accepted.


       4.  All utilities should support two standard  long-options:  --version
           (with  the  short-option  synonym  -V ) and --help (with the short-
           option synonym -? ). The short option synonyms  for  --version  can
           vary  if  the  preferred  synonym is already in use (but a  synonym
           shall be provided). Both of these  options  stop  further  argument
           processing  when  encountered  and after displaying the appropriate
           output, the utility successfully exits.


       5.
           Every short-option should  have  exactly  one  corresponding  long-
           option  and every long-option should have exactly one corresponding
           short-option. Synonymous options can be allowed in the interest  of
           compatibility  with  historical  practice  or community versions of
           equivalent utilities.


       6.  The short-option name should get its name from the long-option name
           according to these rules:



               a.  Use the first letter of the long-option name for the short-
                   option name.


               b.  If the  first  letter  conflicts  with  other  short-option
                   names, choose a prominent consonant.


               c.  If  the  first  letter and the prominent consonant conflict
                   with other shortoption names, choose a prominent vowel.


               d.   If none of the letters of the long-option name are usable,
                   select an arbitrary character.



       7.  If  a  long-option name consists of a single character, it must use
           the same character as the short-option name. Single character long-
           options should be avoided. They are only allowed for the exception-
           ally rare case that a single character  is  the  most   descriptive
           name.


       8.  The  subcommand  in  the form described in guideline 1 of the addi-
           tional CLIP guidelines is generally required. In the case where  it
           is  omitted,  the  command  shall take no operands and only options
           which are defined to stop further argument processing when  encoun-
           tered  are  allowed. Invoking a command of this form without a sub-
           command and no arguments is an error. This guideline is provided to
           allow  the  common forms command --help, command -?, command --ver-
           sion, and command -V to be accepted in the command-subcommand  con-
           struct.


        Several  of  these  guidelines  are only of interest to the authors of
       utilities. They are provided here for the  use  of  anyone  wishing  to
       author utilities following this syntax.

ATTRIBUTES
       See  attributes(5)  for  a  discussion of the attributes listed in this
       section.

SEE ALSO
       getopts(1), wait(1), exit(2), getopt(3C), wait(3UCB), attributes(5)

DIAGNOSTICS
       Upon termination, each command returns two bytes of  status,  one  sup-
       plied  by  the system and giving the cause for termination, and (in the
       case  of  "normal"  termination)  one  supplied  by  the  program  [see
       wait(3UCB)  and  exit(2)]. The former byte is 0 for normal termination.
       The latter byte is customarily 0 for successful execution and  non-zero
       to indicate troubles such as erroneous parameters, or bad or inaccessi-
       ble data. It is called variously "exit code", "exit status", or "return
       code", and is described only where special conventions are involved.

WARNINGS
       Some commands produce unexpected results when processing files contain-
       ing null characters. These commands often treat  text  input  lines  as
       strings  and therefore become confused upon encountering a null charac-
       ter (the string terminator) within a line.

LIST OF COMMANDS
       Name                            Description



       Mail(1B)                        See mail(1B)



       NIS+(1)                         See nis+(1)



       acctcom(1)                      search  and  print  process  accounting
                                       files



       adb(1)                          general-purpose debugger



       addbib(1)                       create  or extend a bibliographic data-
                                       base



       admin(1)                        See sccs-admin(1)



       aedplot(1B)                     See plot(1B)



       alias(1)                        create or remove a pseudonym or  short-
                                       hand  for  a  command or series of com-
                                       mands



       allocate(1)                     device allocation



       amt(1)                          run abstract machine test



       answerbook2(1)                  online documentation system



       appcert(1)                      examine application-level products  for
                                       unstable use of Solaris  interfaces



       apptrace(1)                     trace  application  function  calls  to
                                       Solaris shared libraries



       apropos(1)                      locate commands by keyword lookup



       ar(1)                           maintain portable archive or library



       arch(1)                         display the architecture of the current
                                       host



       as(1)                           assembler



       asa(1)                          convert FORTRAN carriage-control output
                                       to printable form



       at(1)                           execute commands at a later time



       atoplot(1B)                     See plot(1B)



       atq(1)                          display the jobs queued to run at spec-
                                       ified times



       atrm(1)                         remove jobs spooled by at or batch



       audioconvert(1)                 convert audio file formats



       audioplay(1)                    play audio files



       audiorecord(1)                  record an audio file



       auths(1)                        print authorizations granted to a user



       auto_ef(1)                      auto encoding finder



       awk(1)                          pattern  scanning  and  processing lan-
                                       guage



       banner(1)                       make posters



       basename(1)                     deliver portions of path names



       basename(1B)                    display portions of pathnames



       batch(1)                        See at(1)



       bc(1)                           arbitrary precision arithmetic language



       bdiff(1)                        big diff



       bfs(1)                          big file scanner



       bg(1)                           See jobs(1)



       bgplot(1B)                      See plot(1B)



       biff(1B)                        give notice of incoming mail messages



       break(1)                        shell built-in functions to escape from
                                       or  advance within a controlling while,
                                       for, foreach, or until  loop



       cal(1)                          display a calendar



       calendar(1)                     reminder service



       cancel(1)                       cancel print request



       case(1)                         See shell_builtins(1)



       cat(1)                          concatenate and display files



       cc(1B)                          C compiler



       cd(1)                           change working directory



       cdc(1)                          See sccs-cdc(1)



       cdrw(1)                         CD read and write



       chdir(1)                        See cd(1)



       checkeq(1)                      See eqn(1)



       checknr(1)                      check  nroff  and  troff  input  files;
                                       report possible errors



       chgrp(1)                        change file group ownership



       chkey(1)                        change user's secure RPC key pair



       chmod(1)                        change the permissions mode of a file



       chown(1)                        change file ownership



       chown(1B)                       change owner



       ckdate(1)                       prompts for and validates a date



       ckgid(1)                        prompts for and validates a group id



       ckint(1)                        display  a prompt; verify and return an
                                       integer value



       ckitem(1)                       build a menu; prompt for and  return  a
                                       menu item



       ckkeywd(1)                      prompts for and validates a keyword



       ckpath(1)                       display  a  prompt; verify and return a
                                       pathname



       ckrange(1)                      prompts for and validates an integer



       ckstr(1)                        display a prompt; verify and  return  a
                                       string answer



       cksum(1)                        write file checksums and sizes



       cktime(1)                       display  a  prompt; verify and return a
                                       time of day



       ckuid(1)                        prompts for and validates a user ID



       ckyorn(1)                       prompts for and validates yes/no



       clear(1)                        clear the terminal screen



       cmp(1)                          compare two files



       cocheck(1F)                     See coproc(1F)



       cocreate(1F)                    See coproc(1F)



       codestroy(1F)                   See coproc(1F)



       col(1)                          reverse line-feeds filter



       comb(1)                         See sccs-comb(1)



       comm(1)                         select or reject lines  common  to  two
                                       files



       command(1)                      execute a simple command



       compress(1)                     compress,  uncompress  files or display
                                       expanded files



       continue(1)                     See break(1)



       coproc(1F)                      communicate with a process



       coreceive(1F)                   See coproc(1F)



       cosend(1F)                      See coproc(1F)



       cp(1)                           copy files



       cpio(1)                         copy file archives in and out



       cpp(1)                          the C language preprocessor



       cputrack(1)                     monitor process and LWP behavior  using
                                       CPU performance counters



       crle(1)                         configure runtime linking environment



       crontab(1)                      user crontab file



       crtplot(1B)                     See plot(1B)



       crypt(1)                        encode or decode a file



       csh(1)                          shell command interpreter with a C-like
                                       syntax



       csplit(1)                       split  files based on context



       ct(1C)                          spawn login to a remote terminal



       ctags(1)                        create a tags file for use with ex  and
                                       vi



       ctrun(1)                        execute command in a process contract



       ctstat(1)                       display active system contracts



       ctwatch(1)                      watch  events in a contract or group of
                                       contracts



       cu(1C)                          call another UNIX system



       cut(1)                          cut out selected fields of each line of
                                       a file



       date(1)                         write the date and time



       dc(1)                           desk calculator



       deallocate(1)                   device deallocation



       decrypt(1)                      See encrypt(1)



       delta(1)                        See sccs-delta(1)



       deroff(1)                       remove  nroff/troff,  tbl, and eqn con-
                                       structs



       df(1B)                          display status of disk  space  on  file
                                       systems



       dhcpinfo(1)                     display  values  of parameters received
                                       through DHCP



       diff(1)                         compare two files



       diff3(1)                        3-way differential file comparison



       diffmk(1)                       mark differences between versions of  a
                                       troff input file



       digest(1)                       calculate a message digest



       digestp(1)                      See mailp(1)



       dircmp(1)                       directory comparison



       dirname(1)                      See basename(1)



       dirs(1)                         See cd(1)



       dis(1)                          object code disassembler



       disable(1)                      See enable(1)



       dispgid(1)                      displays  a  list  of  all  valid group
                                       names



       dispuid(1)                      displays a list of all valid user names



       dos2unix(1)                     convert text file from  DOS  format  to
                                       ISO format



       download(1)                     host  resident  PostScript  font  down-
                                       loader



       dpost(1)                        troff  postprocessor   for   PostScript
                                       printers



       du(1)                           summarize disk usage



       du(1B)                          display  the number of disk blocks used
                                       per directory or file



       dumbplot(1B)                    See plot(1B)



       dump(1)                         dump selected parts of an object file



       dumpcs(1)                       show  codeset  table  for  the  current
                                       locale



       dumpkeys(1)                     See loadkeys(1)



       echo(1)                         echo arguments



       echo(1B)                        echo arguments to standard output



       echo(1F)                        put string on virtual output



       ed(1)                           text editor



       edit(1)                         text  editor  (variant of ex for casual
                                       users)



       egrep(1)                        search a file for a pattern using  full
                                       regular expressions



       eject(1)                        eject  media  such as CD-ROM and floppy
                                       from drive



       elfdump(1)                      dumps selected parts of an object file



       elfsign(1)                      sign binaries for the  Solaris  Crypto-
                                       graphic Framework



       enable(1)                       enable/disable LP printers



       encrypt(1)                      encrypt or decrypt files



       enhance(1)                      enhanced  command-line  editing facili-
                                       ties



       env(1)                          set environment for command invocation



       eqn(1)                          typeset mathematics test



       errange(1)                      See ckrange(1)



       errdate(1)                      See ckdate(1)



       errgid(1)                       See ckgid(1)



       errint(1)                       See ckint(1)



       erritem(1)                      See ckitem(1)



       error(1)                        insert compiler error messages at right
                                       source lines



       errpath(1)                      See ckpath(1)



       errstr(1)                       See ckstr(1)



       errtime(1)                      See cktime(1)



       erruid(1)                       See ckuid(1)



       erryorn(1)                      See ckyorn(1)



       eval(1)                         See exec(1)



       ex(1)                           text editor



       exec(1)                         shell  built-in  functions  to  execute
                                       other commands



       exit(1)                         shell built-in functions to enable  the
                                       execution   of  the  shell  to  advance
                                       beyond its sequence of steps



       expand(1)                       expand TAB characters to SPACE  charac-
                                       ters, and vice versa



       export(1)                       See set(1)



       exportfs(1B)                    translates    exportfs    options    to
                                       share/unshare commands



       expr(1)                         evaluate arguments as an expression



       expr(1B)                        evaluate arguments as a logical, arith-
                                       metic, or string expression



       exstr(1)                        extract strings from source files



       face(1)                         executable  for  the Framed Access Com-
                                       mand Environment Interface



       factor(1)                       obtain the prime factors of a number



       false(1)                        See true(1)



       fastboot(1B)                    reboot/halt the system without checking
                                       the disks



       fasthalt(1B)                    See fastboot(1B)



       fc(1)                           See history(1)



       fdformat(1)                     format floppy diskette or PCMCIA memory
                                       card



       fg(1)                           See jobs(1)



       fgrep(1)                        search a  file  for  a  fixed-character
                                       string



       file(1)                         determine file type



       file(1B)                        determine the type of a file by examin-
                                       ing its contents



       filep(1)                        See mailp(1)



       filesync(1)                     synchronize ordinary, directory or spe-
                                       cial files



       filofaxp(1)                     See mailp(1)



       find(1)                         find files



       finger(1)                       display  information  about  local  and
                                       remote users



       fmlcut(1F)                      cut out selected fields of each line of
                                       a file



       fmlexpr(1F)                     evaluate arguments as an expression



       fmlgrep(1F)                     search a file for a pattern



       fmli(1)                         invoke FMLI



       fmt(1)                          simple text formatters



       fmtmsg(1)                       display  a  message on stderr or system
                                       console



       fold(1)                         filter for folding lines



       for(1)                          See shell_builtins(1)



       foreach(1)                      See shell_builtins(1)



       franklinp(1)                    See mailp(1)



       from(1B)                        display the sender and date  of  newly-
                                       arrived mail messages



       ftp(1)                          file transfer program



       ftpcount(1)                     show  current  number  of users in each
                                       FTP Server class



       ftpwho(1)                       show current  process  information  for
                                       each FTP Server user



       function(1)                     See shell_builtins(1)



       gcore(1)                        get core images of running processes



       gencat(1)                       generate a formatted message catalog



       geniconvtbl(1)                  generate iconv code conversion tables



       genlayouttbl(1)                 generate  layout table for complex text
                                       layout



       genmsg(1)                       generate  a  message  source  file   by
                                       extracting messages from source files



       get(1)                          See sccs-get(1)



       getconf(1)                      get configuration values



       getfacl(1)                      display discretionary file information



       getfrm(1F)                      returns the current frameID number



       getitems(1F)                    returns a list of currently marked menu
                                       items



       getopt(1)                       parse command options



       getoptcvt(1)                    convert to  getopts  to  parse  command
                                       options



       getopts(1)                      parse utility options



       gettext(1)                      retrieve text string from message data-
                                       base



       gettxt(1)                       retrieve a text string from  a  message
                                       database



       gigiplot(1B)                    See plot(1B)



       glob(1)                         shell  built-in  function  to  expand a
                                       word list



       goto(1)                         See exit(1)



       gprof(1)                        display call-graph profile data



       graph(1)                        draw a graph



       grep(1)                         search a file for a pattern



       groups(1)                       print group membership of user



       groups(1B)                      display a user's group memberships



       grpck(1B)                       check group database entries



       hash(1)                         evaluate the internal hash table of the
                                       contents of directories



       hashcheck(1)                    See spell(1)



       hashmake(1)                     See spell(1)



       hashstat(1)                     See hash(1)



       head(1)                         display first few lines of files



       help(1)                         See sccs-help(1)



       helpdate(1)                     See ckdate(1)



       helpgid(1)                      See ckgid(1)



       helpint(1)                      See ckint(1)



       helpitem(1)                     See ckitem(1)



       helppath(1)                     See ckpath(1)



       helprange(1)                    See ckrange(1)



       helpstr(1)                      See ckstr(1)



       helptime(1)                     See cktime(1)



       helpuid(1)                      See ckuid(1)



       helpyorn(1)                     See ckyorn(1)



       history(1)                      process command history list



       hostid(1)                       print  the  numeric  identifier  of the
                                       current host



       hostname(1)                     set or print name of current host  sys-
                                       tem



       hp7221plot(1B)                  See plot(1B)



       hpplot(1B)                      See plot(1B)



       i286(1)                         See machid(1)



       i386(1)                         See machid(1)



       i486(1)                         See machid(1)



       i860(1)                         See machid(1)



       iAPX286(1)                      See machid(1)



       iconv(1)                        code set conversion utility



       idnconv(1)                      Internationalized   Domain  Name  (IDN)
                                       encoding conversion utility



       if(1)                           See shell_builtins(1)



       implot(1B)                      See plot(1B)



       indicator(1F)                   display  application  specific   alarms
                                       and/or the "working" indicator



       indxbib(1)                      create  an  inverted index to a biblio-
                                       graphic database



       install(1B)                     install files



       ipcrm(1)                        remove a message queue, semaphore  set,
                                       or shared memory ID



       ipcs(1)                         report    inter-process   communication
                                       facilities status



       isainfo(1)                      describe instruction set architectures



       isalist(1)                      display  the  native  instruction  sets
                                       executable on this platform



       jobs(1)                         control process execution



       join(1)                         relational database operator



       jsh(1)                          See sh(1)



       kbd(1)                           manipulate  the  state of keyboard, or
                                       display the type of keyboard, or change
                                       the  default  keyboard  abort  sequence
                                       effect



       kdestroy(1)                     destroy Kerberos tickets



       keylogin(1)                     decrypt and store secret key with  key-
                                       serv



       keylogout(1)                    delete stored secret key with keyserv



       kill(1)                         terminate or signal processes



       kinit(1)                        obtain and cache Kerberos ticket-grant-
                                       ing ticket



       klist(1)                        list currently held Kerberos tickets



       kmdb(1)                         in situ kernel debugger



       kpasswd(1)                      change a user's Kerberos password



       ksh(1)                          KornShell, a  standard/restricted  com-
                                       mand and programming language



       ktutil(1)                       Kerberos keytab maintenance utility



       lari(1)                         link analysis of runtime interfaces



       last(1)                         display  login  and  logout information
                                       about users and terminals



       lastcomm(1)                     display the last commands executed,  in
                                       reverse order



       ld(1)                           link-editor for object files



       ld(1B)                          link editor, dynamic link editor



       ld.so.1(1)                      runtime linker for dynamic objects



       ldap(1)                         LDAP as a naming repository



       ldapadd(1)                      See ldapmodify(1)



       ldapdelete(1)                   ldap delete entry tool



       ldaplist(1)                     search and list naming information from
                                       an LDAP directory using the  configured
                                       profile



       ldapmodify(1)                   ldap  entry  addition  and modification
                                       tools



       ldapmodrdn(1)                   ldap modify entry RDN tool



       ldapsearch(1)                   ldap search tool



       ldd(1)                          list dynamic dependencies of executable
                                       files or shared objects



       let(1)                          shell built-in function to evaluate one
                                       or more arithmetic expressions



       lex(1)                          generate programs for lexical tasks



       limit(1)                        set or get limitations  on  the  system
                                       resources   available  to  the  current
                                       shell and its descendents



       line(1)                         read one line



       lint(1B)                        C program verifier



       list_devices(1)                 list allocatable devices



       listusers(1)                    list user login information



       llc2_autoconfig(1)              generate LLC2 configuration files



       llc2_config(1)                  configure LLC2 interface parameters



       llc2_stats(1)                   LLC2 Station, SAP, and Connection  Sta-
                                       tistics



       ln(1)                           make hard or symbolic links to files



       ln(1B)                          make hard or symbolic links to files



       loadkeys(1)                     load   and  dump  keyboard  translation
                                       tables



       locale(1)                       get locale-specific information



       localedef(1)                    define locale environment



       logger(1)                       add entries to the system log



       logger(1B)                      add entries to the system log



       login(1)                        sign on to the system



       logname(1)                      return user's login name



       logout(1)                       shell built-in function to exit from  a
                                       login session



       longline(1F)                    See readfile(1F)



       look(1)                         find  words in the system dictionary or
                                       lines in a sorted list



       lookbib(1)                      find  references  in  a   bibliographic
                                       database



       lorder(1)                       find ordering relation for an object or
                                       library archive



       lp(1)                           submit print request



       lpc(1B)                         line printer control program



       lpq(1B)                         display the content of a print queue



       lpr(1B)                         submit print requests



       lprm(1B)                        remove print requests  from  the  print
                                       queue



       lpstat(1)                       print  information  about the status of
                                       the print service



       lptest(1B)                      generate line printer ripple pattern



       ls(1)                           list contents of directory



       ls(1B)                          list the contents of a directory



       m4(1)                           macro processor



       mac(1)                          calculate message authentication  codes
                                       of the input



       mach(1)                         display  the processor type of the cur-
                                       rent host



       machid(1)                       get processor type truth value



       madv.so.1(1)                    madv library



       mail(1)                         read mail or send mail to users



       mail(1B)                        interactive message processing system



       mailcompat(1)                   provide SunOS compatibility for Solaris
                                       mailbox format



       mailp(1)                        frontends   to   the  mp  Text  to  PDL
                                       (Printer Description  Language)  pretty
                                       print filter



       mailq(1)                        print the mail queue



       mailstats(1)                    print statistics collected by sendmail



       mailx(1)                        interactive message processing system



       make(1S)                        maintain,    update,   and   regenerate
                                       related programs and files



       man(1)                          find and display reference manual pages



       mconnect(1)                     connect to SMTP mail server socket



       mcs(1)                          manipulate the comment  section  of  an
                                       object file



       mdb(1)                          modular debugger



       mesg(1)                         permit or deny messages



       message(1F)                     puts its arguments on FMLI message line



       mixerctl(1)                     audio mixer control command line appli-
                                       cation



       mkdir(1)                        make directories



       mkmsgs(1)                       create message files for use by gettxt



       mkstr(1B)                       create an error message file by massag-
                                       ing C source files



       mktemp(1)                       make temporary filename



       moe(1)                          manifest  the  optimal  expansion  of a
                                       pathname



       more(1)                         browse or page through a text file



       mp(1)                           text to PDL (Page Description Language)
                                       pretty print filter



       mpss.so.1(1)                    shared  object  for  setting  preferred
                                       page size



       msgfmt(1)                       create a message object from a  message
                                       file



       mt(1)                           magnetic tape control



       mv(1)                           move files



       nawk(1)                         pattern  scanning  and  processing lan-
                                       guage



       nca(1)                          the Solaris Network Cache and Accelera-
                                       tor (NCA)



       ncab2clf(1)                     convert  binary  log file to Common Log
                                       File format



       ncakmod(1)                      start or stop the NCA kernel module



       neqn(1)                         See eqn(1)



       newform(1)                      change the format of a text file



       newgrp(1)                       log in to a new group



       news(1)                         print news items



       newsp(1)                        See mailp(1)



       newtask(1)                      create new task and  optionally  change
                                       project



       nice(1)                         invoke a command with an altered sched-
                                       uling priority



       nis+(1)                         a new version of the  network  informa-
                                       tion name service



       nis(1)                          See nis+(1)



       niscat(1)                       display NIS+ tables and objects



       nischgrp(1)                     change the group owner of a NIS+ object



       nischmod(1)                     change access rights on a NIS+ object



       nischown(1)                     change the owner of a NIS+ object



       nischttl(1)                     change the time to live value of a NIS+
                                       object



       nisdefaults(1)                  display NIS+ default values



       niserror(1)                     display NIS+ error messages



       nisgrep(1)                      See nismatch(1)



       nisgrpadm(1)                    NIS+ group administration command



       nisln(1)                        symbolically link NIS+ objects



       nisls(1)                        list the contents of a NIS+ directory



       nismatch(1)                     utilities for searching NIS+ tables



       nismkdir(1)                     create NIS+ directories



       nisopaccess(1)                  NIS+ operation access control  adminis-
                                       tration command



       nispasswd(1)                    change NIS+ password information



       nisrm(1)                        remove NIS+ objects from the namespace



       nisrmdir(1)                     remove NIS+ directories



       nistbladm(1)                    NIS+ table administration command



       nistest(1)                      return  the state of the NIS+ namespace
                                       using a conditional expression



       nl(1)                           line numbering filter



       nm(1)                           print name list of an object file



       nohup(1)                        run a command immune to hangups



       notify(1)                       See jobs(1)



       nroff(1)                        format documents for display  or  line-
                                       printer



       od(1)                           octal dump



       on(1)                           execute  a  command  on a remote system
                                       with the local environment



       onintr(1)                       See trap(1)



       optisa(1)                       determine which variant instruction set
                                       is optimal to use



       pack(1)                         compress and expand files



       page(1)                         See more(1)



       pagesize(1)                     display  the size or sizes of a page of
                                       memory



       pargs(1)                        print  process  arguments,  environment
                                       variables,  or auxiliary vector



       passwd(1)                       change   login  password  and  password
                                       attributes



       paste(1)                        merge corresponding or subsequent lines
                                       of files



       patch(1)                        apply changes to files



       pathchk(1)                      check path names



       pathconv(1F)                    search FMLI criteria for filename



       pax(1)                          portable archive interchange



       pcat(1)                         See pack(1)



       pcred(1)                        See proc(1)



       pdp11(1)                        See machid(1)



       perl(1)                         Practical  Extraction  and  Report Lan-
                                       guage



       pfcsh(1)                        See pfexec(1)



       pfexec(1)                       execute a command in a profile



       pfiles(1)                       See proc(1)



       pfksh(1)                        See pfexec(1)



       pflags(1)                       See proc(1)



       pfsh(1)                         See pfexec(1)



       pg(1)                           files perusal filter for CRTs



       pgrep(1)                        find or signal processes  by  name  and
                                       other attributes



       pkginfo(1)                      display software package information



       pkgmk(1)                        produce an installable package



       pkgparam(1)                     display package parameter values



       pkgproto(1)                     generate  prototype  file  entries  for
                                       input to pkgmk command



       pkgtrans(1)                     translate package format



       pkill(1)                        See pgrep(1)



       pktool(1)                       manage softtoken object storage



       pldd(1)                         See proc(1)



       plimit(1)                       get or set the resource limits of  run-
                                       ning processes



       plot(1B)                        graphics filters for various plotters



       plottoa(1B)                     See plot(1B)



       pmap(1)                         display  information  about the address
                                       space of a process



       popd(1)                         See cd(1)



       postdaisy(1)                    PostScript translator  for  Diablo  630
                                       daisy-wheel files



       postdmd(1)                      PostScript  translator  for  DMD bitmap
                                       files



       postio(1)                       serial interface for PostScript  print-
                                       ers



       postmd(1)                       matrix  display  program for PostScript
                                       printers



       postplot(1)                     PostScript  translator   for   plot(4B)
                                       graphics files



       postprint(1)                    PostScript translator for text files



       postreverse(1)                  reverse  the page order in a PostScript
                                       file



       posttek(1)                      PostScript  translator  for   Tektronix
                                       4014 files



       ppgsz(1)                        set  preferred  page  size  for  stack,
                                       heap, and/or other anonymous segments



       ppriv(1)                        inspect  or  modify  process  privilege
                                       sets and attributes



       pr(1)                           print files



       praliases(1)                    display system mail aliases



       prctl(1)                        get  or  set  the  resource controls of
                                       running processes, tasks, and projects



       preap(1)                        force a defunct process to be reaped by
                                       its parent



       prex(1)                         control  tracing  and  manipulate probe
                                       points in a process or the kernel



       print(1)                        shell built-in function to output char-
                                       acters to the screen or window



       printenv(1B)                    display environment variables currently
                                       set



       printf(1)                       write formatted output



       priocntl(1)                     display or set scheduling parameters of
                                       specified process(es)



       proc(1)                         proc tools



       prof(1)                         display profile data



       profiles(1)                     print execution profiles for a user



       projects(1)                     print project membership of user



       prs(1)                          See sccs-prs(1)



       prt(1)                          See sccs-prt(1)



       prun(1)                         See proc(1)



       ps(1)                           report process status



       ps(1B)                          display the status of current processes



       psig(1)                         See proc(1)



       pstack(1)                       See proc(1)



       pstop(1)                        See proc(1)



       ptime(1)                        See proc(1)



       ptree(1)                        See proc(1)



       pushd(1)                        See cd(1)



       pvs(1)                          display  the  internal version informa-
                                       tion of dynamic objects



       pwait(1)                        See proc(1)



       pwd(1)                          return working directory name



       pwdx(1)                         See proc(1)



       ranlib(1)                       convert archives to random libraries



       rcapstat(1)                     report resource cap enforcement  daemon
                                       statistics



       rcp(1)                          remote file copy



       rdist(1)                        remote file distribution program



       read(1)                         read a line from standard input



       readfile(1F)                    reads file, gets longest line



       readonly(1)                     shell  built-in function to protect the
                                       value of the given variable from  reas-
                                       signment



       red(1)                          See ed(1)



       refer(1)                        expand  and  insert  references  from a
                                       bibliographic database



       regcmp(1)                       regular expression compile



       regex(1F)                       match patterns against a string



       rehash(1)                       See hash(1)



       reinit(1F)                      runs an initialization file



       remote_shell(1)                 See rsh(1)



       remsh(1)                        See rsh(1)



       renice(1)                       alter priority of running processes



       repeat(1)                       See shell_builtins(1)



       reset(1B)                       See tset(1B)



       reset(1F)                       reset the current  form  field  to  its
                                       default values



       return(1)                       See exit(1)



       rksh(1)                         See ksh(1)



       rlogin(1)                       remote login



       rm(1)                           remove directory entries



       rmail(1)                        See mail(1)



       rmdel(1)                        See sccs-rmdel(1)



       rmdir(1)                        See rm(1)



       rmformat(1)                     removable rewritable media format util-
                                       ity



       roffbib(1)                      format and print a bibliographic  data-
                                       base



       roles(1)                        print roles granted to a user



       rpcgen(1)                       an RPC protocol compiler



       rpm2cpio(1)                     convert  Red  Hat Package (RPM) to cpio
                                       archive



       rsh(1)                          remote shell



       run(1F)                         run an executable



       runat(1)                        execute command in  extended  attribute
                                       name space



       rup(1)                          show  host  status  of  remote machines
                                       (RPC version)



       rup(1C)                         show host  status  of  remote  machines
                                       (RPC version)



       ruptime(1)                      show host status of local machines



       rusage(1B)                      print resource usage for a command



       rusers(1)                       who is logged in on remote machines



       rwho(1)                         who is logged in on local machines



       sact(1)                         See sccs-sact(1)



       sag(1)                          system activity graph



       sar(1)                          system activity reporter



       sccs-admin(1)                   create   and  administer  SCCS  history
                                       files



       sccs-cdc(1)                     change the delta commentary of an  SCCS
                                       delta



       sccs-comb(1)                    combine SCCS deltas



       sccs-delta(1)                   make a delta to an SCCS file



       sccs-get(1)                     retrieve a version of an SCCS file



       sccs-help(1)                    ask  for  help  regarding SCCS error or
                                       warning messages



       sccs-prs(1)                     display selected portions  of  an  SCCS
                                       history



       sccs-prt(1)                     display delta table information from an
                                       SCCS file



       sccs-rmdel(1)                   remove a delta from an SCCS file



       sccs-sact(1)                    show editing activity status of an SCCS
                                       file



       sccs-sccsdiff(1)                compare two versions of an SCCS file



       sccs-unget(1)                   undo a previous get of an SCCS file



       sccs-val(1)                     validate an SCCS file



       sccs(1)                         front  end  for the Source Code Control
                                       System (SCCS)



       sccsdiff(1)                     See sccs-sccsdiff(1)



       scp(1)                          secure copy (remote file copy program)



       script(1)                       make record of a terminal session



       sdiff(1)                        print  differences  between  two  files
                                       side-by-side



       sed(1)                          stream editor



       sed(1B)                         stream editor



       select(1)                       See shell_builtins(1)



       set(1)                          shell  built-in  functions to determine
                                       the characteristics  for  environmental
                                       variables  of the current shell and its
                                       descendents



       set(1F)                         set and unset local or global  environ-
                                       ment variables



       setcolor(1F)                    redefine or create a color



       setenv(1)                       See set(1)



       setfacl(1)                      modify  the  Access  Control List (ACL)
                                       for a file or files



       setpgrp(1)                      set process group ID



       settime(1)                      See touch(1)



       sftp(1)                         secure file transfer program



       sh(1)                           standard and job control shell and com-
                                       mand interpreter



       shell(1F)                       run a command using shell



       shell_builtins(1)               shell command interpreter built-in com-
                                       mands



       shift(1)                        shell  built-in  function  to  traverse
                                       either  a  shell's  argument  list or a
                                       list of field-separated words



       shutdown(1B)                    close down the system at a given time



       size(1)                         print section sizes in bytes of  object
                                       files



       sleep(1)                        suspend execution for an interval



       snca(1)                         See nca(1)



       snmpstatus(1)                   retrieve  important  information from a
                                       network entity



       soelim(1)                       resolve and eliminate .so requests from
                                       nroff or troff input



       sort(1)                         sort,  merge,  or  sequence  check text
                                       files



       sortbib(1)                      sort a bibliographic database



       sotruss(1)                      trace shared library procedure calls



       source(1)                       See exec(1)



       sparc(1)                        See machid(1)



       spell(1)                        report spelling errors



       spellin(1)                      See spell(1)



       spline(1)                       interpolate smooth curve



       split(1)                        split a file into pieces



       srchtxt(1)                      display contents of, or  search  for  a
                                       text string in, message data bases



       ssh-add(1)                      add   RSA  or  DSA  identities  to  the
                                       authentication agent



       ssh-agent(1)                    authentication agent



       ssh-http-proxy-connect(1)       Secure Shell proxy for HTTP



       ssh-keygen(1)                   authentication key generation



       ssh-keyscan(1)                  gather public ssh host keys of a number
                                       of hosts



       ssh-socks5-proxy-connect(1)     Secure Shell proxy for SOCKS5



       ssh(1)                          OpenSSH  secure  shell  client  (remote
                                       login program)



       stop(1)                         See jobs(1)



       strchg(1)                       change or query stream configuration



       strconf(1)                      See strchg(1)



       strings(1)                      find printable strings in an object  or
                                       binary file



       strip(1)                        strip  symbol table, debugging and line
                                       number information from an object file



       stty(1)                         set the options for a terminal



       stty(1B)                        set the options for a terminal



       sum(1)                          print checksum and block  count  for  a
                                       file



       sum(1B)                         calculate a checksum for a file



       sun(1)                          See machid(1)



       suspend(1)                      shell  built-in  function  to  halt the
                                       current shell



       svcprop(1)                      retrieve service configuration  proper-
                                       ties



       svcs(1)                         report service status



       switch(1)                       See shell_builtins(1)



       symorder(1)                     rearrange a list of symbols



       sysV-make(1)                    maintain, update, and regenerate groups
                                       of programs



       t300(1)                         See tplot(1)



       t300(1B)                        See plot(1B)



       t300s(1)                        See tplot(1)



       t300s(1B)                       See plot(1B)



       t4013(1B)                       See plot(1B)



       t4014(1)                        See tplot(1)



       t450(1)                         See tplot(1)



       t450(1B)                        See plot(1B)



       tabs(1)                         set tabs on a terminal



       tail(1)                         deliver the last part of a file



       talk(1)                         talk to another user



       tar(1)                          create tape archives and add or extract
                                       files



       tbl(1)                          format tables for nroff or troff



       tcopy(1)                        copy a magnetic tape



       tee(1)                          replicate the standard output



       tek(1)                          See tplot(1)



       tek(1B)                         See plot(1B)



       telnet(1)                       user interface to a remote system using
                                       the TELNET protocol



       test(1)                         evaluate condition(s)



       test(1B)                        condition evaluation command



       test(1F)                        condition evaluation command



       tftp(1)                         trivial file transfer program



       time(1)                         time a simple command



       timemanp(1)                     See mailp(1)



       times(1)                        shell built-in function to report  time
                                       usages of the current shell



       timesysp(1)                     See mailp(1)



       timex(1)                        time a command; report process data and
                                       system activity



       tip(1)                          connect to remote system



       tnfdump(1)                      convert binary TNF file to ASCII



       tnfxtract(1)                    extract kernel  probes  output  into  a
                                       trace file



       touch(1)                        change  file  access  and  modification
                                       times



       touch(1B)                       change  file  access  and  modification
                                       times



       tplot(1)                        graphics filters for various plotters



       tput(1)                         initialize a terminal or query terminfo
                                       database



       tr(1)                           translate characters



       tr(1B)                          translate characters



       trap(1)                         shell built-in functions to respond  to
                                       (hardware) signals



       troff(1)                        typeset or format documents



       true(1)                         provide truth values



       truss(1)                        trace system calls and signals



       tset(1B)                        establish  or  restore terminal charac-
                                       teristics



       tsort(1)                        topological sort



       tty(1)                          return user's terminal name



       type(1)                         write a description of command type



       typeset(1)                      shell  built-in  functions  to  set/get
                                       attributes  and  values for shell vari-
                                       ables and functions



       u370(1)                         See machid(1)



       u3b(1)                          See machid(1)



       u3b15(1)                        See machid(1)



       u3b2(1)                         See machid(1)



       u3b5(1)                         See machid(1)



       ucblinks(1B)                    adds /dev entries  to  give  SunOS  4.x
                                       compatible names to SunOS 5.x devices



       ul(1)                           do underlining



       ulimit(1)                       See limit(1)



       umask(1)                        get or set the file mode creation mask



       unalias(1)                      See alias(1)



       uname(1)                        print name of current system



       uncompress(1)                   See compress(1)



       unexpand(1)                     See expand(1)



       unget(1)                        See sccs-unget(1)



       unhash(1)                       See hash(1)



       unifdef(1)                      resolve  and remove ifdef'ed lines from
                                       C program source



       uniq(1)                         report or filter out repeated lines  in
                                       a file



       units(1)                        converts  quantities expressed in stan-
                                       dard scales to other scales



       unix2dos(1)                     convert text file from  ISO  format  to
                                       DOS format



       unlimit(1)                      See limit(1)



       unpack(1)                       See pack(1)



       unset(1)                        See set(1)



       unset(1F)                       See set(1F)



       unsetenv(1)                     See set(1)



       until(1)                        See shell_builtins(1)



       uptime(1)                       show how long the system has been up



       users(1B)                       display  a compact list of users logged
                                       in



       uucp(1C)                        UNIX-to-UNIX system copy



       uudecode(1C)                    See uuencode(1C)



       uuencode(1C)                    encode a binary  file,  or  decode  its
                                       encoded representation



       uuglist(1C)                     print  the  list of service grades that
                                       are available on this UNIX system



       uulog(1C)                       See uucp(1C)



       uuname(1C)                      See uucp(1C)



       uupick(1C)                      See uuto(1C)



       uustat(1C)                      uucp status inquiry and job control



       uuto(1C)                        public UNIX-to-UNIX system file copy



       uux(1C)                         UNIX-to-UNIX system command execution



       vacation(1)                     reply to mail automatically



       val(1)                          See sccs-val(1)



       valdate(1)                      See ckdate(1)



       valgid(1)                       See ckgid(1)



       valint(1)                       See ckint(1)



       valpath(1)                      See ckpath(1)



       valrange(1)                     See ckrange(1)



       valstr(1)                       See ckstr(1)



       valtime(1)                      See cktime(1)



       valuid(1)                       See ckuid(1)



       valyorn(1)                      See ckyorn(1)



       vax(1)                          See machid(1)



       vc(1)                           version control



       vedit(1)                        See vi(1)



       ver(1)                          See tplot(1)



       vgrind(1)                       grind nice program listings



       vi(1)                           screen-oriented (visual) display editor
                                       based on ex



       view(1)                         See vi(1)



       vipw(1B)                        edit the password file



       volcancel(1)                    cancel  user's  request  for  removable
                                       media that is not currently in drive



       volcheck(1)                     checks for media  in  a  drive  and  by
                                       default checks all floppy media



       volmissing(1)                   notify  user  that  volume requested is
                                       not in the CD-ROM or floppy drive



       volrmmount(1)                   call rmmount to mount or unmount media



       vplot(1B)                       See plot(1B)



       vsig(1F)                        synchronize a co-process with the  con-
                                       trolling FMLI application



       w(1)                            display   information  about  currently
                                       logged-in users



       wait(1)                         await process completion



       wc(1)                           display a count  of  lines,  words  and
                                       characters in a file



       what(1)                         extract SCCS version information from a
                                       file



       whatis(1)                       display a one-line summary about a key-
                                       word



       whence(1)                       See typeset(1)



       whereis(1B)                     locate  the  binary, source, and manual
                                       page files for a command



       which(1)                        locate a command; display its  pathname
                                       or alias



       while(1)                        See shell_builtins(1)



       who(1)                          who is on the system



       whoami(1B)                      display the effective current username



       whocalls(1)                     report  on the calls to a specific pro-
                                       cedure



       whois(1)                        Internet user name directory service



       write(1)                        write to another user



       xargs(1)                        construct  argument  lists  and  invoke
                                       utility



       xgettext(1)                     extract  gettext  call  strings  from C
                                       programs



       xstr(1)                         extract  strings  from  C  programs  to
                                       implement shared strings



       yacc(1)                         yet another compiler-compiler



       yes(1)                          generate repetitive affirmative output



       ypcat(1)                        print values in a NIS database



       ypmatch(1)                      print  the  value  of  one or more keys
                                       from a NIS map



       yppasswd(1)                     change your network password in the NIS
                                       database



       ypwhich(1)                      return name of NIS server or map master



       zcat(1)                         See compress(1)



       zlogin(1)                       enter a zone



       zonename(1)                     print name of current zone





SunOS 5.10                        21 Dec 2004                         Intro(1)